Dr Arjan Dijkstra

Dr Arjan Dijkstra

Lecturer in Igneous Petrology

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)


Ph.D. Utrecht University, The Netherlands, 2001

PGCAP (Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, the teaching qualification for UK Higher Education), Plymouth 2011.

Professional Curriculum Vitae:
  • 2010-present. Lecturer in Igneous Petrology / Critical Materials research lead, Plymouth University.
  • 2005-2010 Maitre-Assistant, Institut de Géologie et d'Hydrogéologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • 2002-2005 Australian Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Applied Geology/Tectonics Special Research Centre, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia
  • 2000-2002 Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Geology, University of Leicester, UK
  • 1995-2000 Research Assistant/PhD candidate, Vening Meinesz School of Geodynamics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Teaching interests

I teach on the following modules:

GEOL1001 The Dynamic Earth

GEOL1002 Earth Materials

GEOL2002 Structures, Magmas and Volcanoes (I am also module leader for this module)

GEOL3007 Igneous and Volcanic Processes (I am also module leader for this module)

GEOL3005 Tectonics

GEOL3009 Professional Case Studies (leader of the Diamond Exploration Case Study)

GEOL5003 Advanced Analytical Skills

GEOL5004 MGeol research project

I typically supervise 1-4 Masters level students per year

I am the MGeol year tutor effectively coordinating the Masters-level 4th year of studies.

Staff serving as external examiners

External examiner for:

Catherine Stuart, Melt migration in the lower crust by porous melt flow, Macquarie University, September 2017.
Mubuabua Yambissa, Mantle Conditions and Geochemical Criteria as Controls on Diamond Survival in Kimberlite, Sheffield Hallam University, February 2017.

Research interests

I am the research lead of the Applied Mineralogy research cluster. Our research is focussed on the critical materials that are required to enable to Energy Transition, and we support more sustainable mining practices through our research. Examples of such critical materials are Rare Earth Elements (REE) needed for magnets (for instance, in wind turbines), cobalt (Co) and lithium(Li)  for batteries (e.g., for electric cars), and platinum group elements (PGE) (e.g., for hydrogen production for fuel cells).

In addition I maintain a research programme in more 'academic' subjects, mainly focussed on mantle rocks and mantle-derived igneous rocks.

Current research projects:
  • Critical material (REE, Co, PGE) potential of deep sea polymetallic nodules from the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone area, Pacific (PhD project of Wycliff Tupiti, research funded by UK Seabed Resources)
  • The formation of Rare Earth Element mineral deposits with the 'From Mantle to Ore' approach (PhD project of Christian Marien, funded by the Centre for Research in Earth Sciences)
  • Application of applied mineralogy techniques for improving mining and mineral processing methods (e.g., collaborations with Grinding Solutions, Wolf Minerals, Fen Minerals, Cornwall Resources).
  • Application of automated mineralogy to improve diamond exploration and diamond potential evaluation of kimberlites.
Past projects:
  • Geochemical analysis of lamprophyres to map the base of the lithosphere in SW Britain.
  • The melting history of the Earth's mantle through Os isotope analysis of detrital Os-bearing alloys from river and beach sediments (Os.Earth project, funded by an FP7 Career Integration Grant)
  • The chemical and (Osmium) isotopic composition of mantle pyroxenites and their origin (Pindos Ophiolite, Totalp Massif)
  • Magmatic and tectonic processes at oceanic spreading centres through the study of oceanic peridotites (Macquarie Island, Othris & Pindos Ophiolites, Oman Ophiolite, etc.)
  • Physical and chemical characteristics of melt transport through the oceanic mantle
  • The origin of ophiolites - supra-subduction zone vs. mid-ocean ridge ophiolites
  • The development of tectonite and mylonite (micro-) structures in mantle peridotites
  • Accretionary orogenesis with emphasis on the Altaids Orogen in western Mongolia (also Dariv Ophiolite)
  • The composition and petrogenesis of Eucrite and Diogenite achondrite meteorites: magmatic processes on 4Vesta as a proxy for the earliest magmatic history of Earth

Key publications are highlighted

Dijkstra AH & Hatch C 2018 'Mapping a hidden terrane boundary in the mantle lithosphere with lamprophyres' Nature Communications , DOI PEARL
Marien C, Dijkstra AH & wilkins C 2017 'The hydrothermal alteration of carbonatite in the Fen Complex, Norway: mineralogy, geochemistry, and implications for rare earth element resource formation' Mineralogical Magazine PEARL
Wilkins C, Jeffery B, Speer J, Dijkstra AH & McFarlane J 2017 'Mineral assemblages and textures of granite-hosted veins in the Hemerdon W–Sn deposit: constraints from scanning electron microscope chemical X-ray mapping' Applied Earth Science 126, (2) 104-105 , DOI PEARL
Degli Alessandrini G, Menegon L, Malaspina N, Dijkstra AH & Anderson MW 2017 'Creep of mafic dykes infiltrated by melt in the lower continental crust (Seiland Igneous Province, Norway)' Lithos, 274-275, 169-187 , DOI PEARL
Dijkstra AH, Dale CW, Oberthür T, Nowell GM & Pearson DG 2016 'Osmium isotope compositions of detrital Os-­rich alloys from the Rhine River provide evidence for a global late Mesoproterozoic mantle depletion event' Earth and Planetary Science Letters 452, 115-122 , DOI PEARL
Oberthür T, Melcher F, Goldmann S, Wotruba H, Gerdes A, Dijkstra A & Dale CW 2016 'Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of detrital heavy minerals from the Rhine River in Germany as evidence to their provenance, sedimentary and depositional history: focus on platinum‐group minerals and remarks on cassiterite, columbite‐group minerals and uraninite' International Journal of Earth Sciences 105, (2) 637-657 Author Site , DOI
van Hinsbergen DJJ, Cunningham WD, Straathof GB, Ganerød M, Hendriks BWH & Dijkstra AH 2015 'Triassic to Cenozoic multi-stage intra-plate deformation focused near the Bogd Fault system, Gobi Altai, Mongolia' Geoscience Frontiers 6, (5) 723-740 Author Site , DOI
Sergeev DS, Dijkstra AH, Meisel T, Bruegmann G & Sergeev SA 2014 'Traces of ancient mafic layers in the Tethys oceanic mantle' EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS 389, 155-166 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Dijkstra AH, Sergeev DS, Spandler C, Pettke T, Meisel T & Cawood PA 2010 'Highly Refractory Peridotites on Macquarie Island and the Case for Anciently Depleted Domains in the Earth's Mantle' JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY 51, (1-2) 469-493 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Brouwer FM, Cunningham WD, Buchan C, Badarch G & Mason PRD 2006 'Late Neoproterozoic proto-arc ocean crust in the Dariv Range, Western Mongolia: a supra-subduction zone end-member ophiolite' JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 163, 363-373 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH & Cawood PA 2004 'Base-up growth of ocean crust by multiple phases of magmatism: field evidence from Macquarie Island' JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 161, 739-742 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR, Vissers RLM, Newman J & Van Roermund HLM 2004 'Shear zones in the upper mantle: evidence from alpine- and ophiolite-type peridotite massifs' FLOW PROCESSES IN FAULTS AND SHEAR ZONES 224, 11-24 Author Site , DOI
Barth MG, Mason PRD, Davies GR, Dijkstra AH & Drury MR 2003 'Geochemistry of the Othris Ophiolite, Greece: Evidence for refertilization?' JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY 44, (10) 1759-1785 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Barth MG, Drury MR, Mason PRD & Vissers RLM 2003 'Diffuse porous melt flow and melt-rock reaction in the mantle lithosphere at a slow-spreading ridge: A structural petrology and LA-ICP-MS study of the Othris Peridotite Massif (Greece)' GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 4, Author Site , DOI
Howard JP, Cunningham WD, Davies SJ, Dijkstra AH & Badarch G 2003 'The stratigraphic and structural evolution of the Dzereg Basin, western Mongolia: clastic sedimentation, transpressional faulting and basin destruction in an intraplate, intracontinental setting' BASIN RESEARCH 15, (1) 45-72 Author Site , DOI
Cunningham D, Dijkstra A, Howard J, Quarles A & Badarch G 2003 'Active intraplate strike-slip faulting and transpressional uplift in the Mongolian Altai' INTRAPLATE STRIKE-SLIP DEFORMATION BELTS 210, 65-87 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR & Frijhoff RM 2002 'Microstructures and lattice fabrics in the Hilti mantle section (Oman Ophiolite): Evidence for shear localization and melt weakening in the crust-mantle transition zone?' Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 107, (11)
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR & Frijhoff RM 2002 'Microstructures and lattice fabrics in the Hilti mantle section (Oman Ophiolite): Evidence for shear localization and melt weakening in the crust-mantle transition zone?' JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 107, (B11) Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR, Vissers RLM & Newman J 2002 'On the role of melt-rock reaction in mantle shear zone formation in the Othris Peridotite Massif (Greece)' JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY 24, (9) 1431-1450 Author Site , DOI
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR & Vissers RLM 2001 'Structural petrology of plagioclase peridotites in the west Othris mountains (Greece): Melt impregnation in mantle lithosphere' JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY 42, (1) 5-24 Author Site , DOI
deBoorder H, vanBeek AJJ, Dijkstra AH, Galetsky LS, Koldewe G & Panov BS 1996 'Crustal architecture of the Donets Basin: Tectonic implications for diamond and mercury-antimony mineralization' TECTONOPHYSICS 268, (1-4) 293-309 Author Site , DOI
Conference Papers
Marien C, Dijkstra AH & Wilkins C 2017 'The petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the large Fen Carbonatite Complex (Norway) REE-Nb resource' Mineral Deposits Studies Group Annual Meeting Bristol, UK 19/12/2016 21/12/2016 Taylor & Francis , DOI PEARL
Wilkins C, Jeffery B, Speer J, Dijkstra AH & McFarlane J 2017 'Mineral assemblages and textures of granite-hosted veins in the Hemerdon W–Sn deposit: constraints from scanning electron microscope chemical X-ray mapping' Mineral Deposits Group Annual Meeting Bristol, UK 19/12/2016 21/12/2016 PEARL
Dijkstra AH & Sergeev DS 2009 'Formation of hybrid mantle pyroxenites by reaction between mafic layer-derived melts and peridotites: Implications for OIB source heterogeneity' A293-A293
Sergeev DS, Dijkstra AH & Meisel T 2009 'Pyroxenites as source of mantle heterogeneity' A1198-A1198
Dijkstra AH & Cawood PA 2007 'Ocean crust formed from E-MORB overlying an ultra-depleted mantle on Macquarie Island: Implications for mantle heterogeneity' A224-A224
Tapley I, Dijkstra AH, Brolsma H & ieee 2004 'The geology, landforms and topography of sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island, Australia, as revealed by AIRSAR' 649-652
Dijkstra AH, Drury MR & Vissers RLM 1999 'Structural petrology of the Othris peridotite (Greece): Melt impregnation in mantle lithosphere' 89-90