Dr Carlos Ribeiro Martins

Dr Carlos Ribeiro Martins

Lecturer in e-Learning for Hydrography (Hydrographic Academy)

School of Marine Science and Engineering (Faculty of Science & Environment)


Lecturer in e-Learning for Hydrography (Hydrographic Academy).

Carlos joined the Hydrographic Academy (HA) in October 2013. He moved from Portugal, where he has been Assistant Professor in Oceanography at the University of Porto.  He has a background in practical oceanography, remote sensing and computer programming for database analysis. Amongst his busy academic career, Carlos has found time to found and run a successful web design and production company, and has developed and maintained websites for leading scientific organisations.

Plymouth University has a proud maritime heritage stretching back 150 years, and the Hydrographic Academy builds upon the University’s expertise in delivering vocational training and academic learning.

The Hydrographic Academy uses the latest concepts and technology in distance e-learning to meet the training and education needs of the global hydrographic survey industry.

Carlos has already delivered e-lectures for HA's modules of the DipHE Hydrography for Professionals and PgDip Advanced Hydrography for Professionals and was assigned as tutor of a cohort of distance-learner students.



After my graduation in Aquatic Sciences (1982) and MSc in Fisheries assessment & management at University of Porto (1988), I obtained my PhD in Physical Oceanography at University of Lisbon (1998). Within my doctorate work I participated in several oceanographic campaigns , and developed OCEANUS, an oceanographic digital atlas & data processing software, which received a couple of awards. Simultaneous, I pursued an academic career at University of Porto where I was responsible for the Physical Oceanography, GIS and Fisheries Stock Assessment courses at both BSc and MSc level.

I also worked in web design privately and I was responsible for image & communication at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Marine and Environmental Research of University of Porto.

Academic degrees

  • PhD in Physical Oceanography, Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, April 1998.  
  • MSc in Ecology (oceanographic data bases and fisheries stock assessment models), Abel Salazar Biomedical Institute (ICBAS), University of Porto, 1989.
  • Graduation (Licenciatura) in Aquatic Sciences, ICBAS, University of Porto, 1982.
  • TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), 1985.

Other degrees

  • Mastering Web Applications Development Using Microsoft Visual InterDev 6.0. A Microsoft certified course. Rumos - Formação e Comunicação S.A. (2000).
  • Introduction to UNIX Operating System. Diante (1991).
  • Utilizing VMS features from VAX FORTRAN. Digital Equipment Portugal (1989).
  • Biostatistics/86. Mestrado de Imunologia do ICBAS (1986).
  • Numerical Taxonomy. Laboratório de Genética Aplicada, ICBAS (1978).
  • Computer Programming (RPGII language). Companhia IBM Portuguesa (1976).


In 1975-76 I attended an one year full time course on IBM’s System/3 RPGII programming language at IBM, Porto (it was the time of the new 96-column punched cards that IBM introduced to substitute the current 80-column cards). I bought a Sinclair ZX81 in 1982, a Spectrum a while later, and start to use the first PCs available at the university, and the new AMSTRADs with the GEM graphical Interface, for which I developed software (GEM Basic) for the Beverton & Holt fisheries stock assessment model (presented as a thesis – 1987). Later I updated this for Microsoft Windows using Visual Basic. 

At the same time I developed software (FORTRAN) at University of Lisbon (UL) IBM 4331 mainframe and at UL Institute of Oceanography MicroVAX computer to extract and process data from MOODS (Master Oceanographic Observation Data Set) magnetic tapes obtained from NODC (National Oceanographic Data Center, USA). In 1988 I stayed for one month at the Institut für Meerskunde (IFM), Kiel, Germany, where objective analysis methods for oceanographic data analysis were being developed. The result of this work was the Northeast Atlantic Oceanographic Data Base presented also as a thesis (1987).   

In 1989 I stayed for a month at NOAA/NODC (Washington D.C., USA), where I have contributed to the development of the code (FORTRAN) for interactive graphic verification of data quality of expandable bathythermographers (XBTs) utilising statistical parameters calculated directly from the experimental Pacific CD-ROM. This work was included in the general quality data validation procedures in course at NODC, which were also included in the first Oceanographic data CD-ROM of the Atlantic Ocean produced afterwards. While at Washington, I made two short visits to the Laboratory for Oceans of the Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, at Greenbelt, Maryland, where Gene Feldman had developed the Coastal Zone Colour Scanner (CZCS) Browse System running on the (then new) Panasonic optical disks. After Washington I flew to Miami, FL, to stay for a week at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (RSMAS). There, I familiarised myself with the procedures of merging different data formats in a common database, namely how to integrate raster Satellite Imagery with ‘in situ’ vector data.

In the UK, Gary Robinson of Reading University and Andy Tabor of the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory were developing the Marine Atlas Demonstrator (NERC, 1988). Based on their work, in 1990 I had the first version (QBasic / FORTRAN /C) of the Portuguese’ atlas ready. It was presented, among other places at the CEC Marine Atlas Workshop at Reading University, UK. In that year the Atlas Digital Oceanográfico da ZEE Continental Portuguesa was awarded the 2nd prize in a national educational software competition from the Portuguese Ministry of Education.  

The following year a new version received the 1st prize in the 1991 competition. The new atlas – OCEANUS: Sistema Integrado de Visualização e Processamento de Dados Oceanográficos - is a full Georeferenced Oceanographic Digital Atlas of the North East Atlantic off the Iberian Peninsula. It was presented at the 1991 Marine Resource Atlases in London and was the backbone of my PhD Thesis.

At that time I was also involved in the installation of the AVHRR / NOAA and METEOSAT Satellite Receiving Facility of the Institute of Oceanography in Lisbon. There, I worked at all phases of AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) data acquisition and processing on UNIX SUN workstations, processed CZCS images and was able to incorporate AVHRR images in OCEANUS (which has also some image equalisation capabilities embedded). At the same time I managed to develop code for importing Georeferenced SURFER plots (SURFER is a well-known mapping software) to overlap vector maps on Sea Surface Temperature (SST) images on OCEANUS.  

 1998 - 2005 > WEBlink 

In 1998 I and a friend founded a two-partner company - WEBlink - Tecnologias de Informação Lda. I started to focus myself pretty much on web design and architecture, developing websites for private and institutional clients, with some emphasis on websites for scientific organisations and international conferences. I have good HTML, CSS, Javascript and Flash proficiency, and, I think, a clean and neat approach to user interface design and usability. I also developed some software in Microsoft Visual Basic.

In December 2005 we closed down our company and moved forward to other projects – my partner became responsible for the Informatics Services of the Law School of Oxford University and I was hired to develop the Image & Communication cabinet of  CIMAR - Centro Intedisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental the leading Portuguese Research Centre in Marine Sciences, aside for an invited Professorship in Oceanography at Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar of the University of Porto.

 2005 - 2010> CIIMAR 

From 2005 to 2010 I was full responsible (design, development and content management) of the web portal of CIIMAR – Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, one of the leading marine research centres in Portugal, of CIMAR Associate Laboratory (the umbrella institution) and several science outreach projects associated to them.

Among other duties, I developed and maintained the following websites: CIMAR-LA, CIIMAR, CMIA Vila do Conde, CMIA Matosinhos, ECClima, Universidade Itinerante do Mar, Rede de Biodiversidade Marinha e Costeira, 6th European Conference on Marine Natural Products, 1º Congresso Ibérico de Cianotoxinas, Portuguese EPBRS meeting.

 2011 - 2012 > Freelance website production 

Alongside the teaching activities at ICBAS.UP, I started in 2011 a freelance website production project cgmdesign.net. In 2011 I still collaborated with CIIMAR, having developed the websites for the Estuaries in a Changing Climate (EEClima) congress and the seagulls in the city project (being also responsible for the edition of the project final report). Other productions span from personal pages to clinics, scientific societies and international congresses.

In December 2011 I was responsible for the short course Oceanography: Basic Principles and Main Processesat the Department of Marine Geology of the National Laboratory of Energy and Geology (LNEG).

 October 2013 > Plymouth University 

In September 2013 I've  moved to the UK to embrace my new appointment as Lecturer in e-learning for Hydrography at Plymouth University (Hydrographic Academy, School of Marine Science & Engineering, Faculty of Science & Environment). 

Teaching interests

  • From October 2013: production of e-learning lectures for the DipHE Hydrography for Professionals and PgDip Advanced Hydrography for Professionals of the Hydrographic Academy of Plymouth University, UK.
  • December 2011: responsible for the short course  Oceanography: Basic Principles and Main Processes  at the Department of Marine Geology of the National Laboratory of Energy and Geology (LNEG), Portugal. 
  • Responsible for the Physical Oceanography  (1992-2013),  Fisheries Stock Assessment  (1990-2013) and  GIS - Geographical Information Systems (2007 and 2008) courses of the graduation in Aquatic Sciences at ICBAS, University of Porto, Portugal.
  • Responsible for the  Oceanography  course (1995-2007) of the MSc programme in Marine Sciences – Living Resources of the University of Porto, Portugal
  • Lecturer at the short-course “Conceitos e Metodologias para a Gestão da Zona Costeira”.  AURN, 1997. Portugal.
  • Responsible for the organisation and teaching of the short-course “Introduction to Informatics”. ICBAS.UP, 1987. Portugal.
  • Started his academic career as teaching assistant in 1984 at ICBAS, University of Porto, Portugal.

Research interests

Research Areas

  • Atlantic eastern boundary-layer dynamics
  • Data bases and oceanographic digital atlases
  • Spatial Oceanography (remote sensing)
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs)
  • Application of Geographical Information Systems to Oceanography and Fisheries
  • Internet (programming, architecture and implementation of websites)

Oceanographic Campaigns

  • AMUSE on board of Kialoa II, 1994: XBT, RAFOS (Mediterranean water and meddies formation)
  • CORPAC/88 on board of "Mestre Costeiro", 1988: deployment of current meter moorings at 900 meter depths on the continental slope, west of “Cabo da Roca” and south of Lagos. 
  • SATOCEAN/88 on board of "Noruega", 1988: CTD, XBT, recovering and redeployment of current meter moorings off the Portuguese Northern coast.
  • TEJO/88 on board of "Mestre Costeiro", 1988: CTD casts and direct current meter measurements on the Tejo estuary. 

Short stays at research institutions

  • Institut für Meerskunde (IFM), Kiel, Germany. Objective analysis methods for oceanographic data analysis. 1 month, 1988
  • National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), Washington, D.C., USA. Databases and data quality control. 1 month, 1989
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center - Laboratory for Oceans, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA. Coastal Zone Color Scanner Browse System. 2 days, 1989
  • Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (RSMAS), Miami, Florida, USA. Integration of raster Satellite Imagery with ‘in situ’ vector data. 1 week, 1989.


·        The software OCEANUS – Integrated System for Visualization and Processing of Oceanographic Data, was awarded the 1st prize in the 3rd Contest of Educational Software of the Portuguese Ministry of Education (1991).

·        The software Oceanographic Digital Atlas of theContinental Portuguese EEZ, was awarded the prize of excellent in the 2nd Contest of Educational Software of the Portuguese Ministry of Education (1990).

The Portuguese TV series Adventures of Knowledge (“Aventuras do Conhecimento”) broadcasted in 1992 by RTP2, has dedicated a full 30 minutes programme to the software OCEANUS.



Martins, C.G.; 1990. Atlas Digital Oceanográfico da ZEE Continental Portuguesa: Software, Manual de Utilização, Relatório Pedagógico (Introdução à Oceanografia), Sugestões para os Professores. Gabinete deEstudos e Planeamento do Ministério da Educação, 50 pg. + 2 disquetes.

Martins, C.G.; 1993. OCEANUS Versão 2.0. Departamento de Programação e Gestão Financeira do Ministério da Educação, Lisboa, 41pp. + 2 disquetes. ISBN 972-614-229-6.

[Listed at Inventory of Software and Products for the Display and Analysis of MarineData (IOC/INF-878) of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO]


Martins, C. G., 1989. Contribuição para o futuro Banco Português de Dados Oceanográficos (BPDO): I-Base de Dados Hidrológicos do Atlântico Nordeste (BADHAN); II-Atlas de superfície da ZEE Portuguesa entre 40°- 42°. Provas de avaliação pedagógica e de capacidade científica - trabalho de síntese. ICBAS, 54 pg.

Martins, C. G., 1989. Avaliação de Stocks: aplicação em com­putador do modelo de Beverton & Holt - programa AVBH. Provas de avaliação pedagógica e de capacidade científica - relatório sobre uma aula prática. ICBAS, 65 pg.

Martins, C. G., 1998. “OCEANUS: um Atlas Digital Oceanográfico aplicado ao estudo da Estrutura, Variabilidade e Climatologia doAtlântico ao largo de Portugal Continental”. PhD Thesis. Universidade de Lisboa, 348 pg. + 2 disquetes

Publications and Comunications

Martins, C. G., 1986. Taxinomia Numérica: I - Uma filosofia não antropocêntrica aplicada à ciência. II - Caracterização multi-dimensional do Rio Douro. Seminários do ICBAS.

Martins, C. G., 1986. Cluster analysis: application.Seminário/Curso BIOSTATISTICS/86, ICBAS.

Martins, C. G., Carraça, S., 1987. Estudos Biológicos noDouro - Avaliação de Stocks nas albufeiras de Miranda do Douro e da Régua. Gabinetede Protecção e Segurança Nuclear, 64 pp.

Martins, C. G., 1987. Análise multidimensional das características físico-químicas do trecho superior do rio Douro. Seminário"Jornadas do Douro", Lisboa. Gabinete de Protecção e Segurança Nuclear.

Martins, C. G., Carraça, S., 1987. Albufeiras de Mirandado Douro e da Régua: caracterização ictiológica. Seminário "Jornadas doDouro", Lisboa. Gabinete de Protecção e Segurança Nuclear.

Martins, C. G., Carraça, S., 1987. Avaliação do potencialictiológico das albufeiras de Miranda do Douro e da Régua. Seminário deAquacultura, Porto. ICBAS.

Martins, C. G., Carraça, S., 1990. Caracterização ictiológica das albufeiras de Miranda do Douro e da Régua.  Observatório, 1: 407-420.

Martins, C. G., 1990. Atlas Oceanográfico Digital da ZEE Continental Portuguesa. VII Conferência Nacional de Física - FÍSICA 90, Lisboa. Programa e Resumos da 7ª Conferência Nacional de Física: 452-453.

Martins,C. G., 1991. The Oceanographic Data Center and the Portuguese EEZ Marine Atlas of the University of Lisbon. CEC Marine Atlas Workshop, Reading University, UK. In "European marine atlases: current trends and future directions", eds: GJ Robinson & DT Pugh. Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, Report No. 283: annex.

Martins,C. G., 1991. OCEANUS - A Digital Atlas of the Portuguese EEZ. Marine Resource Atlases - an update. Ministery of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food - Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, London, UK 17-18 October 1991.

Martins,C. G., 1992. Mediterranean Water outflow revealed from historical data. In"Outflows and Overflows in the Atlantic and their role in the Eastern Boundary Current System". Grupo de Oceanografia, Departamento de Física da Universidade de Lisboa, Proceedings of the International workshop held at the University of Lisbon, Portugal, October 1-4, 1991: 11-12.

Martins,C. G, Fiúza, A.F., 1992. A descriptive and dynamical view of the Northeast Atlantic using a PC-based Geographical Information System. Proceedings of the XVII General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society, Edinburgh, 6-10 April 1992. AnnalesGeophysicae Vol. 10, Suppl.II, Part II: C173.

Martins, C. G., 1993. Observingthe Ocean: an horizontal perpective using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. Workshop on "AutonomousUnderwater Vehicles". Universidade do Porto, 1-3 de Setembro de 1993. Abstract and Author Index, pp. 12.

Martins,C. G., 1993. Validating oceanographic data from the MAST/II MORENA Project using the OCEANUS software. MAST Workshop on "Assessing data quality -methods, experiences and applications". Dublin, 20-23 September 1993.

Martins, C.G., 1994. Integration ofsatellite imagery in a PC-based digital marine atlas. In "Satellite Oceanography and its Applications". Proceedings of a Workshop held at the University of Lisbon, Portugal, in November 25-27, 1991, under the sponsorship of the NATO Science for Stability Programme. Edited by Armando F. G. Fiúza. pp.30.

Martins,C. G., 1994. OCEANUS: aplicação ao estudo do Oceano costeiro ao largo de Portugal Continental. IV Seminário Internacional "Biologia e Geologia e as Tecnologias da Informação". Universidade do Minho, 22-23 de Setembro de 1994.

Pereira, F.L., Sousa, J.B., Silva, E., Martins, C.G.,1995. AUV system requirements for coastaloceanography. Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS'95, San Diego, Ca, USA, October 9-12, 1995.

Martins,C.G., 1995. Observing the ocean: an horizontal perspective using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. In: H. Monteiro, J. Bellingham, A. Pascoal, F. Pereira, A.Healey, J. Michel (eds.), Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, Kluwer AcademicPublishers, Dordrecht.

Coimbra, J., Martins, C.G.,Lopes Cordeiro, J., Cleto, J., Câncio, L., 1995. Centro do Mar: definição dos objectivos, polos temáticos, estrutura global e sectorial e conteúdo da visita do Centro do Mar, a instalar no quarteirão da "Real Vinícola" em Matosinhos. Relatório Técnico da 1ª fase do Estudo Prévio. Fundação Gomes Teixeira, Universidade do Porto, Novembro de 1995. 76 pp.

Martins, C.G., Coimbra, J., Cleto, J., Lopes Cordeiro, J.,  Câncio, L.,1995. Centro do Mar: definição dos objectivos, polos temáticos, conteúdo da visita e estruturas de apoio do Centro do Mar, a instalar no quarteirão da"Real Vinícola" em Matosinhos. 2º Relatório Técnico do Estudo Prévio. Fundação Gomes Teixeira, Universidade do Porto, Dezembro de 1995. 67 pp.

Martins,C.G., 1996. Geostrophic circulation of the North Atlantic eastern boundary layer computed from historical data. 4th European Conference on Satellite Altimetry, 2-4 October, Porto, Portugal.

Coimbra, J., Martins, C.G., Câncio, L., Gonçalves, J.F., Lopes Cordeiro, J., Cleto, J., Barreiros, J., Quaternaire Portugal, Nausicãa Development. Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias do Mar - Relatório Final do Estudo Prévio. Fundação Gomes Teixeira, Universidade do Porto, Dezembro de 1996. 134 pp.