Dr Darren Aoki
Lecturer in World History
School of Humanities and Performing Arts (Faculty of Arts and Humanities)
Lecturer in World History
Dr. Aoki specialisms are in the social and cultural history of modern Japan with a focus on gender and sexuality as it intersects with race and ethnicity. His PhD explored masculinity and same-sex desire in the postwar period in Japan.
More recently, he has turned his attention to issues of identity in the trans-Pacific diaspora of Japanese. Through his research on Nikkei (people of Japanese descent), he has developed methodological and theoretical expertise, including in research,teaching, and community outreach, in oral history.
PhD 2005 University of Cambridge, Oriental Studies; Peterhouse (UK)
- Dissertation: ‘Sexual Solidarity and the Ethics and Aesthetics of Manliness in Early 1970s Japan’
MA 1997 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (UK)
- Dissertation: ‘By Women, For Women: Women’s Employment in the Occupation Era’***
- ***Awarded Distinction
- Awarded Ivan Morris Prize for best dissertation in Japanese Studies in the UK, 1998)
BA History 1990 University of Lethbridge (Canada)
- Major: Early Modern Western Europe
- Minor: Modern Western Europe, Modern East Asia
Postgraduate Certificate in Education – Higher Education (Birkbeck,University of London, 2010)
Professional memberships include:
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA)
- Fellow of Cambridge Commonwealth Society
- British Association of Japanese Studies
- Oral History Society, UK
- Oral History Association, USA
- British Association of Canadian Studies
As Lecturer in World History, Dr. Aoki’s resume of modules which he leads or on which he teaches include:
- HIST401: What is History
- HIST403PP: Re-making History (Plymouth Plus)
- HIST505: Middle Kingdoms: Themes in the Early Modern History of Japan, China, and/or Korea
- HIST522: Hearing History, Seeing History: Oral History and Visual Sources***
- HIST607: Japanese History: from Tokugawa to Hirohito
- HIST608: PostwarJapan
***Transnational Oral History Masterclass - digital / webex mini-symposium with Centre for Oral History and Tradition (University of Lethbridge). October 2016, November 2017, May 2018
- MAHI722: Key Themes in Modern Japanese History
- MAHI708: Key Themes in the Postwar History of Japan
In approaching World History, a key emphasis of Dr. Aoki’s is connection: trans-national and global contact and connects through human movement. Far away cultures ‘over there’ are never just that: they are here.
Areas of expertise for post-graduate supervision:
- Modern Japan and East Asia
- Oral History
- Diaspora, contact zones, and postcolonial history
- Histories of the ‘Everyday’
- Gender and sexuality – especially Trans-Pacific same-sex/queer
- Race and ethnicity
- cultural history, visual culture
History of Identities and Ideas in Modern Transnational Encounter
- Race/Ethnicity and Japanese Trans-Pacific Diaspora
- Gender and Sexualities – Masculinities, Homosexuality, Popular Culture
- Social,Cultural, & Oral History, including Digital Storytelling
Dr. Aoki’s current area of research focuses on questions of identity and inheritance in the trans-Pacific diaspora of Japanese, through the use of ‘talking history’ methodologies: oral history (life-story, collaborative narration, story-telling circles); digital story-telling; memory soundscapes.
*****Nikkei Memory Capture Project (NMCP)*****
The Nikkei Memory Capture Project (NMCP) is a long-term initiative to incite memory and record stories narrating the local, national, and trans-national Nikkei (‘people of Japanese descent’) experience. This is a trans-national collaboration bringing together the University of Plymouth -History and the University of Lethbridge, Centre for Oral History and Tradition. It is co-lead by Dr. Carly Adams (Associate Professor in Sports and Kinesiology). The Project includes a team of post-graduate and undergraduate student researchers.
The focus of the NMCP is distinctive because it seeks to hear the little understood story of what happened in the latter half of the twentieth century in southern Alberta. It one of the few of North America’s significant populations of Japanese descent uninterrupted across the entirety of the twentieth century. Its incorporation of numerous waves of migration and the ‘contact zones’ these waves created with other ethnic, religious, and cultural groups has created a unique identity that – in important ways – invites us to interrogate dominant national and transnational narratives of Nikkei in unique ways.
The NMCP emerges from a pilot project of interviews with fifty individuals focusing on the memories of nisei (2nd generation) and how they shaped the communities from the 1950s to the present. Other topics which the NMCP has begun to explore include:
- Special oral history focus on sansei (third generation)
- Exploration of inter-racial intimacies and mixed-race identities
- Interrogating what constitutes ‘Nikkei’ and ‘Japanese’
- Sport, recreation and leisure
- Food and culture
The NMCP has been made possible thanks to the generous support of:
- Community of Research Excellence Development Opportunities Research Funding
- Plymouth University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities Research Impact Seed Funding
- Centre for Oral History and Tradition Award
- Nikkei Cultural Society of Lethbridge and Area Grant
The NMCP is a co-creative community partnership including the following local Stakeholders:
- Nikkei Cultural Society of Lethbridge and Area
- Nikka Yuko Japanese Canadian Centennial Garden
- Galt Museum and Archives
*****PTSD/dstp [Post-traumaticStress Disorder digital story-telling project*****
This pilot research is a collaborative initiative co-led by Dr. Aoki (University of Plymouth – History), and Dr. Jane Harrold and Dr. Richard Porter at the Britannia Royal Naval College.
The PTSD/dstp aims in the first instance to explore the role that the use of new communication technologies plays in personal narration (Digital Storytelling - DST) by active service personnel especially on operations and those closest to them. It includes a research team of students to help develop a digital storytelling database led by Mr. Ciaran Bishop (BA Hons History, University of Plymouth), and which has included volunteer research by Lucy DeGroot, Thomas E Davies, and Elliot Clark.
Research degrees awarded to supervised students
Dr. Lyle DeSouza
Birkbeck, University of London
Thesis: 'Cultural Identity in Contemporary Canadian Nikkei Cultural Productions'
First Supervisor: Dr. Darren J. Aoki
Dr. Zhen Liu
University of Strathclyde, Glasgow
Thesis: 'A Liberating Inheritance: Japanese Canadian Literature and Chinese Canadian Literature, 1970-2000'
External Examiner: Dr. Darren J. Aoki
International MA Supervision
Ms. Darcy Tamayose
University of Lethbridge
Masters of Arts
Proposed Topic: 'Redefining Okinawan Diaspora in Southern Alberta: Coal mines, Railroads, Farms, and the Battle of Okinawa'
MA Supervisory Team including Dr. Darren J. Aoki
Grants & contracts
Creative practice & artistic projects
Whatis Written in the Sky of Your Mind, 2017
- Mrs.Nancy Nakamura - Narrator
- Mr.Tom Hull, Sonic Artist and Composer – Missing Wolf (https://www.missingwolf.com/)
- Dr.Darren J. Aoki – oral historian
*Homosexuality and Manliness in Postwar Japan (London and New York: Routledge, 2010); research monograph in the series “Routledge Contemporary Japan Series”.
*Cultural Studies and Cultural Industries in North-East Asia: What A Difference A Region Makes (Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong Press, 2009). Co-Editor (with C. Berry and N. Liscutin).
Extended Article - Published
*‘Bruce Lee: A Poetics of Japanese Manliness’, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 48, 6, 2013: pp. 1477-1518.
Articles and Chapters – Published
*‘The Pornographics of Japanese Negrophilia’, Japan Forum, 25, 1, 2013: pp. 1-23.
*‘The Homo Culture of Iconic Personality in Early-to-Mid Postwar Japan: Mishima Yukio and Misora Hibari’, in Patrick Galbraith and Jason Karlin (eds), Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture, (Palgrave, 2012), pp. 131-152.
*‘Embodied Masculinities of Male-Male Desire in Japan in the Early 1970s’ in P. Jackson, F. Martin, M.McLelland, A. Yue (eds), Rethinking Gender and Sexuality in the Asia-Pacific (University of Illinois Press, 2009), pp. 29-45.
*‘Introduction’, in C. Berry, N. Liscutin, and J.D. Mackintosh (eds), Cultural Studies and Cultural Industries in North-East Asia: What A Difference A Region Makes (University of Hong Kong Press, 2009), pp. 1-22.
*'A Japanese Homo 'Moving' - Itō Bungaku and the Solidarity of the Rose Tribes', Intersections, 13, 2006, http://intersections.anu.edu.au/issue12/aoki.html
‘By Women, For Women: Women’s Employment in the Occupation Era’, Japan Forum, vol. 12, 2000: pp. 87-112.
*Extended Review of Toake Endoh, Exporting Japan: Politics of Emigration to Latin America (University of Illinois Press 2009), Reviews in History, Institute of Historical Research (11 February 2010).
*Published under pen-name:JDA Mackintosh
Reports & invited lectures
Other academic activities
JAPAN400 PLYMOUTH (www.plymouth.ac.uk/jp400)
Festival Leader: Darren J. Aoki*
This international festival celebrated the 400 years of Anglo-Japanese Relations. It involved the co-ordination of nearly 500 participants.
26-30 Sept, 2014
In collaboration with project partners, Japan400 Plymouth included activities and events promoting academic research and community engagement, for example:
Key features include:
· Sponsorship and partnerships with a range of key sector organisations and leaders: Plymouth University, Plymouth Marine Institute, Peninsula Arts, Plymouth City Council, Plymouth Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Heart of the Southwest LEP, Sutton Harbour Holdings PLC, Embassy of Japan in the UK, Embassy of UK in Japan, Japan Society London, Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation, Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation, Japanese Ministry of Forestry Fisheries and Agriculture, Sake Samurai, Kawasaki Precision Machinery Ltd., Peter Gorton’s JT Academy (British Masterchef Peter Gorton), First Great Western, De Vere Hotels and Resorts, Umu London (Michelin-Star Chef Ishii Yoshinori)
· Engagement with community organisations, internationally-acclaimed artists and performers, and local business, for example: Devon and Cornwall Scouts, Play it Again Theatre Group, Ronin-kai Kendo Club, British Shintaidō, Bengala Hand-Dye Craft (Totnes), Totnes Harp Centre, Devon Twinning Society, JTJ Academy, Wagamama, Goto Sushi Plymouth, Square Sails, Silicon Sensing Ltd., Pure Mediate Ltd., Hibiki Ichikawa and Akari Mochizuki, Kagemusha Taiko, Yukki Yaura
· Media coverage of event and Plymouth University, included: BBC (TV – BBC One Spotlight and Radio), ITV, Western Morning News, Plymouth Herald, Sound-Art Radio, social media and internet
· Consultations: Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai, TV France 3