Professor Jingjing Xu
Head of School
Plymouth Business School (Faculty of Business)
Current role at Plymouth University
Head of School, Plymouth Business School
Professor of Maritime Law and Economics
Previous roles at Plymouth University
Associate Dean (Research), Faculty ofBusiness
Director, Institute for Social, Policyand Enterprise Research (iSPER)
Other Academic Positions:
Adjunct Professor, Australian MaritimeCollege, University of Tasmania, Australia
Visiting Professor, World MaritimeUniversity. Malmo, Sweden
Visiting Professor, LundUniversity. Lund, Sweden
Visiting Professor, ShanghaiMaritime University. Pudong, Shanghai, China
Current Positions in National andInternational Panels and Committees and Service to Research Councils,Professional Associations
Member of the International Panel on Underwater Robotics
Member of the Research Steering Committee, the Chartered Association of Business Schools (CABS), UK.
Member, Peer Reviewers Group, ESRC GCRF (Global Challenges Research Fund), UK
Reviewer, Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA 2015 - equivalent to REF2014), Australia
Member of the Quality Assurance Counselling Panel, CSCSE, Ministry of Education, China.
Rapporteur for the UK Economics and Social Research Council (ESRC) projects evaluation.
Member of the Social Science Panel,British Council Newton Fund
M.Sc. in Shipping Management
B.Econ. in Transport Economics
Pg.Cert. in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education
Elected Fellow of the Royal Institute of Navigation
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
Member of the Nautical Institute
Member of British Academy of Management
Member of British Maritime Law Association
Member of China Maritime Law Association
Member of the Society of Legal Scholars
Roles on external bodies
Role on external bodies and recent external activities
Member of the Editorial Board, Maritime Business Review
Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Marine Science andResearch
Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Shipping and OceanEngineering
Member of the Scientific Board, Academic Journal of EconomicStudies
Member of the Editorial Board, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences
Reviewer for Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) 2015
Reviewer for Transportation Research Part B: Methodological
Reviewer for Transportation Research Part D: Transport andEnvironment
Reviewer for Transportation Research Part E: Logistics andTransportation Review
Reviewer for European Journal of Law and Economics
Reviewer for Journal Business Ethics: A European Review
Reviewer for Marine Policy
Reviewer for nternational Journal of Logistics Management
Reviewer for International Journal of Shipping and TransportLogistics
Reviewer for Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment
Reviewer for Journal of Marine Engineering and Technology
Reviewer for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
Reviewer for International Journal of Manufacturing Technology andManagement
Reviewer for Advanced Shipping and Ocean Engineering
Reviewer for Journal of Shipping and Ocean Engineering
Reviewer for Maritime Policy and Management
Reviewer for WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs
Reviewer for International Journal of Sustainable Energy
Reviewer for Book "Maritime Economics - A Blackwell Companion",edited by Wayne K. Talley
Reviewer for The 7th edition of ‘Wilson, Carriage of Goods by Sea’.
Reviewer for The European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, UK.
Reviewer for International Conference on Piracy at Sea (ICOPAS),Sweden.
Reviewer for The annual International Forum on Shipping, Ports andAirports (IFSPA)
Reviewer for International Association of Maritime Economists Annual Conference.
Reviewer for a number international publishers for book proposals in the maritime field including Routledge,Springer, Inform etc.
External examiner for WMU Master’s dissertation
Chair of the Keynote Forum of the 4th World Congress of Ocean,Qingdao, 2015.
Member of the Advisory Board, the World Congress of Ocean, 2012;2013; 2014; 2015; 2016
Member of the Scientific Committee, annual conference on "New trends for an economy based on knowledge and globalization", Bucharest,2015
Member of the Scientific Committee, “Challenges of the marketing science in the new paradigm of a resource-based economy”. Romania 2015
Chair, Session 'Innovative Blue Sea Economy', First Global Annual Innovative Economic Congress, Dalian. 2014.
Chair of the Forum on Coastal and Marine Environment Engineering,Spilled Oil and Other Risk Management, the 1st Frontier Industrial Forum 2013.
Guest Editor for the International Journal of Logistics Management, the Special Issue is entitled “The Strategic Management of Ocean Freight Logistics in an Ever-changing Global Economy”. 2013
Chair of the Keynote Forum of the 1st World Congress of Ocean,Dalian, September 2012.
Member of the International Scientific Committee, theInternational Conference on Piracy at Sea (ICOPAS 2011), organised by the International MaritimeOrganisation (IMO) and the World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden, October 2011.
Keynote speech at the Maritime Security and Salvage forum, 1stAnnual World Congress of Ocean-2012 (WCO-2012), Sep 2012, Dalian.
Keynote speech at UK-China Workshop on Green Logistics and Supply Chain, University of Newcastle, 2-4 Nov 2016, UK, on topic "Reducing Ship-Generated Pollution Through International Legal Regimes"
Member of the Advisory Board, Low Carbon EarthSummit-2011(LCES-2011), China, 2011.
Expert Advisor to a number of international research projectssince 2008
Delivered some 30 guest lectures atforeign universities including the World Maritime University and LundUniversity in Sweden on maritime law and policy issues.
Currently lead/involved in thefollowing modules
MAR324 International Shipping, PBS
MAR316HK International Shipping, Hong Kong University(SPACE)
MAR311 BSc Research Project
MBM5352 MSc Research Project
Law and policy issues in relation to marine pollution, maritime safety and security
Shipping management and policy
Marine salvage law and practice
Socio-economic factors and legal framework of marine renewable energy
Maritime law and economics
Research degrees awarded to supervised students
Current and Completed PhD Supervision
"Risk and Legal Framework for Antarctic Exploration UsingAutonomous Underwater Vehicles", in collaboration with University ofSouthampton (UK) and University of Tasmania (Australia)
"Developing a Holistic Model to Support the implementation ofAnticipatory Logistics in Corporate World’"
"Maritime Cyber Security: Risks and MitigationStrategies"
"New dynamic of global innovation: How innovation is fosteredand what innovation effects and differences are in developed and developingcountries"
"The factors influencing competition in long distance railtransportation"
"An Analysis of Port and Pipeline Investment to AlleviatePrice Fluctuations in Crude Oil Shipping"
“Examining the structure ofbusiness supply chain in order to improve the response to the volatile externalenvironment”
“An evaluation of Greekshipping policy with respect to Greekflagged tramp shipping from 1970-2010”
“Maritime and Port Supply Chain Security: Risk Assessment Modelsand Mitigation Strategies”.
“Container shipping riskmanagement in the context of supply chain: A case study of Taiwan containershipping industry”
“An empirical analysis of automotivemanufacturers supply chain performance in China”.
“The legal regimes inrelation to the establishment and operation of wave energy generation devices”
Grants & contracts
2015 -2016 “Maritime Cyber Security: A Review of the Legal Regime”, Research Facilitation Grant, £2000. (PI)
2015 -2016 “A Review of Quantitative Approaches to Examining the Impact of Regional Economic Integration on Poverty in the Developing World”, Research Facilitation Grant, £2000. (CI)
2015 -2016 “A Review of Quantitative Approaches to Examining the Impact of Regional Economic Integration on Small Business Creation and Growth in East Africa", Research Facilitation Grant, £2000.” (CI)
2011 -2015, project total €4.384 million, UoP €104,155, FP7 project “Modernisation of Vessels for Inland waterway freight Transport (MoVe IT!)”(PI)
2011- 2015, project total €16.947 million, UoP €127,853; EU FP7 project, “Policy-oriented marine Environmental Research in the Southern European Seas” (PERSEUS),” (Lead of UoP contribution to WP6)
2011 -2014, project total €4.941 million, UoP €693,298, INTERREG programme France (Channel) - England, “Marine Energy in Far Peripheral &Island Communities (MERIFIC)” (Lead of UoP contribution to WP4)
2011-2013,collaboration with academics in Dalhousie University on a project focusing on capacity building around renewable energy systems. CA$ 50,000 (CI)
2011 -2011, £4600 (£2600 from Pedagogic Research Institute and Observatory,£2000 from SoM), “Undergraduate Background as a Critical Factor in the Learning Capacity and Skills of Chinese Master's Degree Students” (PI)
2010 – 2013, total project €2 million, UoP €327,000; EU IEE, “Intelligent Energy Europe Study of Ocean Wave Farm Impacts Assessment (SOWFIA)”, (Co-PI,Bid Leader: D Greaves and D Conley).
2010 -2011, £5000, UoP Teaching Fellowship, “When Distances Meets with Foreign Learning cultures” (PI)
2010 -2011, £2500, SoM R&E Grant, “The Criminalisation of Seafarers– Policy and Impacts”, (PI)
2009 -2010, £9600, TQEF, “Developing research and enterprise skills in international maritime students” (PI)
2008 -2009, £5000, SSB L&T Award “Watch the Case: Use IT Supported Case Scenarios to Enhance Learning Outcomes of Business Students in Studying Law-Related Subjects” (PI)
2007 - 2010, £291,175, Peninsula Research Institute for Marine Renewable Energy(PRIMaRE) Socio-economic Factors of the Cornish Wave Hub, (Facilitator and co-PI). £57,000 "The legal regimes in relation to the establishment and operation of wave energy generation devices", PRIMaRE (PI)
Export Advisor to national and international research projects -
2016-2017 Expert Advisor, Leveraging Maritime Wideband Communication Networks to Ensure The Safety of Navigation Towards E-Navigation Strategy, USD60,000 Led by Dalian Maritime University, China & University of Florida, USA. IAMU Research Fund.
2015-2018 Member of the Policy Advisory Board, EU STM Project, invited by the Swedish Maritime Administration. €21million
2013-2015 Member of the Policy Advisory Board, EU MONALISA 2.0 project, invited by the Swedish Maritime Administration. €24.3 million.
- Sustainable Transport
Authored and Edited Books:
(2014) Contemporary Marine and Maritime Policy, [ISBN:978-1-62948-807-3] Nova Science.
(2013) (Associate Author) in Mukherjee, P.K. & Brownrigg, M. Farthing on International Shipping, 4th ed. Springer [ISBN 978-3-642-34598-2]
(2012) Contemporary Issues in Marine and Maritime Affairs (with Roe, M.,& Song,D-P) University of Plymouth
(2008) The Law and Policy of Maritime Security: Ergonomic and Economic Considerations, Malmo,Sweden: WMU Publications (with P. K. Mukherjee &M.Mejia) [ISBN978-91-977254-2-2]
(2007) Coastal Zone Piracy and Other Unlawful Acts at Sea, Malmo: WMU Publications [ISBN:978-91-977254-0-8](with M. Mejia).
(2015) "Regulation of ship-source pollution through international convention regimes" (with P.K. Mukherjee) in M. Fiorini (ed.) Clean Mobility and Intelligent Transport. The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET). [ISBN: 978-1-84919-895-0]
(2014)"International Legal Framework for Offshore Oil and Gas Installations:Selected Issues" (with P.K. Mukherjee), in J, Xu (ed) Contemporary Marine and Maritime Policy, [ISBN: 978-1-62948-807-3] Nova Science.
(2013) “The International Legal Framework Governing Pollution Damage Arising from Carriage of Oil by Sea”, in M. Mejia (ed.) Selected Issues in Maritime Law and Policy, [ISBN: 978-1-62808-127-5].
(2013) “Protection of the Marine Environment”, in P.K. Mukherjee & M. Brownrigg Farthing on International Shipping, 4th ed. [ISBN978-3-642-34598-2].
(2009) "The Legal Framework of Exhaust Emissions from Ships: A Selective Examination from a Law and Economics Perspective," In Neil Bellefontaine & Olof Linden (eds.), Impacts of Climate Change on the Maritime Industry. Malmö, Sweden: WMU Publications. pp.69-102. (with P.K. Mukherjee) [ISBN 978-91-97254-1-5]
(2007) “Piracy and Its Control Policies: A Law and Economics Perspective”, in M. Mejia & J. Xu (eds.), Coastal Zone Piracy and Other Unlawful Acts at Sea, Malmo: WMU Publications, pp.279 – 290[ISBN:978-91-977254-0-8].
(2005) “The Law and Economics of Maritime Security: Selected Issues in Perspective”, in M. Mejia (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Maritime Security, Malmo: World Maritime University, pp.319-332 [ISBN: 91-973372-7-7].
(2016)"The use of LNG as a marine fuel: some private law considerations", Journal of Environmental Law. (accepted for publication) (with D Testa & P. K. Mukherjee)
(2016) Distance Learning Course Design Expectations in China and the United Kingdom, American Journal of Distance Education Vol 30(4)（with T. Rees)
(2015) "The use of LNG as a marine Fuel: International Regulatory Framework", Ocean Development and International Law, 46:3, 225-240 (with Testa, D. & Mukherjee, P. K.)
(2015)"Impact of different factors on the risk perceptions of employees in container shipping companies" ", International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2016 p.361. (with C-H Chang & D-P Song)
(2015)"Risk Analysis for Container Shipping: From a Logistics Perspective", International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 26 Issu 1 pp. 147 – 171 (with C.H. Chang,D-P Song)
(2015) "A MSFD complementary approach for the assessment of pressures, knowledge and data gaps in Southern European Seas: the PERSEUS experience." Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 95, Issue 1, 15 June 2015, Pages 28–39 (with A. Crise a, , H. Kaberi , J. Ruiz , A. Zatsepin , E. Arashkevich , M. Giani , A.P. Karageorgis , L. Prieto , M. Pantazi , D. Gonzalez-Fernandez , M. Ribera d’Alcalà , V. Tornero e , V. Vassilopoulou , X. Durrieu de Madron , C. Guieu , P. Puig , A. Zenetos , B. Andral , D. Angel , D. Altukhov , S.D. Ayata , Y. Aktan , E. Balcıog˘lu , F. Benedetti, M. Bouchouchaj , M.-C. Buia , J.-F. Cadiou , M. Canals , M. Chakroun , E. Christou , M.G. Christidis , G. Civitarese , V. Coatu , M. Corsini-Foka , S. Cozzi , A. Deidun , A. Dell’Aquila , A. Dogrammatzi , C. Dumitrache , D. Edelist , O. Ettahiri , S. Fonda-Umani , S. Gana , F. Galgani , S. Gasparini , A. Giannakourou , M.-T. Gomoiu , A. Gubanova , A.-C. Gücü, Ö. Gürses , G. Hanke , I. Hatzianestis , B. Herut , R. Hone , E. Huertas , J.-O. Irisson , M. _ Isinibilir , J.A. Jimenez, S. Kalogirou , K. Kapiris , V. Karamfilov, S. Kavadas , Ç. Keskin , A.E. Kideys , M. Kocak , G. Kondylatos , C. Kontogiannis , R. Kosyan , P. Koubbi , G. Kušpilic´ , R. La Ferla , L. Langone , S. Larochej , L. Lazar , E. Lefkaditou , I.E. Lemeshko, A. Machias , A. Malej , M.-G. Mazzocchi , V. Medinets , N. Mihalopoulos , S. Miserocchi , S. Moncheva , V. Mukhanov , G. Oaie , A. Oros , A.A. Öztürk, B. Öztürk, M. Panayotova , A. Prospathopoulos , G. Radu , V. Raykov , P. Reglero , G. Reygondeau, N. Rougeron , B. Salihoglu , A. Sanchez-Vidal , G. Sannino , C. Santinelli , D. Secrieru , G. Shapiro , N. Simboura , T. Shiganova , M. Sprovieri , K. Stefanova , N. Streftaris , V. Tirelli , M. Tom , B. Topalog˘lu, N.E. Topçu , K. Tsagarakis , C. Tsangaris , G. Tserpes , S. Tug˘rul , Z. Uysal , D. Vasile , K. Violaki , A. Yüksek m, E. Papathanassiou)
(2014),"Integrated inventory management and supplier base reduction in a supply chain with multiple uncertainties", European Journal of Operational Research, volume 232, issue 3, 1 February 2014, pp. 522–536(with J-X Dong, D-P Song)
(2014) “An analysis of safety and security risks in container shipping supply chain: a case study in Taiwan”, Safety Science, 63C (2014), pp. 168-178 (with C.H. Chang, D-P Song)
(2013)"Investment barriers and incentives for Marine Renewable Energy in the UK:an analysis of investor preferences", Energy Policy, (with L. Simeon; D. Wheeler)
(2013) "Quantitative assessment of urban road network hierarchy planning", Town Planning Review. Town Planning Review. Volume 84, Number 4,(with Dong,J. X, Cheng, T; Wu, J.)
(2013) "Assessment of Empty Containers Repositioning Policies in Maritime Transport", International Journal of Logistics Management, issue1, volume 24. (with Dong,J-X., Song, D-P)
(2012) "The problem of stowaways and its complexity in the contemporary context of maritime security", Journal of Business Law, 2012 Issue 2
(2012) "The Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Administration of Prevention and Control of Pollution to the Marine Environment by Vessels: A General Overview", Journal of International Maritime Law,2012 (18)
(2012) “Seeing is believing: Developing research skills in international maritime students through authentic learning”, Journal of International Management Education (accepted for publication)(with J Dinwoodie and C-H Chang)
(2011) “An Operational Activity-Based Method to Estimate CO2 Emissions for Container Shipping Considering Empty Container Repositioning”, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol.17 D (1). (with Dong-ping Song)
(2011) "CO2 emission comparison between direct and feeder liner services: a case study of Asia-Europe services interfacing with the UK", International Journal of Sustainable Transportation Vol.6 (4). (with Dong-ping Song)
(2009) “The Law and Economics of Ship-Source Oil Pollution Damage”,in Maritime Policy and Management,Volume 36, Issue 4, pp. 309 – 323.
(2009) “Development of Marine Renewable Energy – research, design,installation”, Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Maritime Engineering, Special Issue on Offshore Renewable Energy, 2009, Vol. 162; Issue MA4, pp. 187 – 196 (with D. Greaves et al).
(2008) “Case Studies in Logistics: A Review and Tentative Taxonomy”, International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, Vol. 11, No. 5, (with J. Dinwoodie).
(2007) “The Public Law Framework of Ship-source Oil Pollution", Journal of International Maritime Law, Vol.13 (6), pp.1-14.
(2007) “Piracy as a Maritime Offence: Some Public Policy Considerations”,the Journal of Business Law, September Issue, pp.639-655.
(2007) “The Spectrum of the Legal Regime Governing Ship-source Oil Pollution and its Economic Implications”, Journal of International Maritime Law,Vol.12(6), pp.402-419.
(2006) “Theoretical Framework of Economic Analysis of Law Governing Marine Pollution”, WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs,Vol.5 (1)pp.75-94.
Journal Papers in Chinese:
"Introduction to Revised Convention for Rhine Navigation (I)” Shipping Management, Issue 6.
"Introduction to Revised Convention for Rhine Navigation (II)” Shipping Management, Issue 7.
"International Salvage Union Sub-contract (Award Sharing) 1994”, CMLA News Letter, Issue 41.
"Salvage Guarantee Form ISU 2”, CMLA News Letter, Issue41.
"Lloyd’s Standard Form of Salvage Agreement 1995 (LOF95)”, CMLA News Letter, Issue 34.
"Lloyd’s Standard Form of Salvage Agreement 1995 (LOF95)”, CMLA YearBook.
"Pre-qualification and Tendering – ISU Proposals under Consideration”in Shipping Management, Issue 6.
Selected Conference Papers, Presentations and Invited Speeches
(2016) "Reducing Ship-Generated Pollution Through International Legal Regimes", keynote speech, UK-China Workshop on Green Logistics and Supply Chain, University of Newcastle, 2-4 Nov 2016, UK
(2015), "Ways and means to attracted young people to the maritime profession', invited speech, International Maritime Organization (IMO), World Maritime Day Symposium, 24th Sep, 2015 London
(2015), "The regulatory regimes in relation to the use of LNG as a marine fuel", World Congress of Ocean, Qingdao, China, Nov 2015
(2015) " Inventory and critical assessment of marine policy in the Southern European Seas", PERSEUS Scientific Conference (with Boteler, B., Krueger, I., Smith, L. Sauzade, D., Breil, M., Pascual, M.)
(2014) "The legal issues in relation to the use of LNG as a marine fuel', Global Innovation Economic Congress (GIEC) 2014
(2014) "Impact of different factors on the risk perceptions of employees in container shipping companies" to be presented at The International Forum on Shipping, Ports and Airports (IFSPA) 2014. (The paper received the Best Paper Award at the Conference.) (with C-H Chang & D-P Song).
(2013) "The International Legal Framework Governing Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Oil Spills ", the 1st Frontier Industrial Forum-2013(FIN-2013), Qingdao, China
(2013) “An analysis of safety and security risks in container shipping supply chain: a case study in Taiwan”, IAME 2013, France (with Chang, C.H; Song D-P).
(2013), "The current status of EU inland water transport and considerations for modernisation solutions", Low Carbon Earth Summit, 2013, Xi'an, China(with Dmytrowski, L.)
(2012) "The problem of stowaways in the modern context of maritime security", Forum keynote, the 1st Annual World Congress of Oceans-2012 (WCO-2012),China.
(2012), “Bridging cultural gaps in distance learning”, IMLA20, the Netherlands (with Rees, T, Ingram, P., Megicks, P. & Payne,S.)
(2012), "Evaluating Risk Mitigation Strategies in Container Shipping Supply Chain" , IAME 2012, Taiwan. (with Chang, C.H.,& Song, D.P )
(2012), “When Distance Learning Meets with Foreign Academic Cultures”, at PedRIO Conference. (with Rees, T, Ingram, P., Megicks,P.& Payne, S.)
(2012) “Undergraduate Background as a Critical Factor in the Learning and Skills Development of Chinese Master's Degree Students”, poster presentation, PedRIO conference (with Rees, T., M’cKeith, D., Megicks, P.)
(2012) “Undergraduate Background as a Critical Factor in the Learning Capacity and Skills of Chinese Master's Degree Students”. research report(with Rees,T., M’cKeith, D., Megicks, P.)
(2011) "An Overview of the Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Administration of Prevention and Control of Pollution to the Marine Environment by Vessels", paper presented at the International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME) Annual Conference,Santiago,Chile
(2011) “The International Legal Regimes Governing Liability Issues Relating to Oil Spills from Ships”, Poster presentation, Black Sea Outlook Conference, Nov 2011, Ukraine
(2011), “Supply Chain Risk Management in Container Shipping”, paper presented at the Logistics Research Network Annual Conference, UK. (with Chang,C.H., Song, D.P.)
(2011) “SOWFIA: Learning from Impact Assessments of European wave energy developments”, PRIMaRE Annual Conference, 2011, Plymouth, UK(with Leeney.R. H., Greaves, D., Conley, D, Hosegood, P.)
(2011) “Seeing is Believing: Developing research and enterprise skills in international maritime students”, paper presented at the First International Conference on Marine and Maritime Affairs, Plymouth (with J., Dinwoodie, J, & Chang, C.H.)
(2011) “Information risk management in container shipping supply chain” paper presented at the First International Conference on Marine and Maritime Affairs, Plymouth (with Chang, C.H. & Song, D.P)
(2011), “When Distance Learning Meets with a Foreign Learning Culture”,research report (with Rees, T., M’cKeith, D., Megicks, P.)
(2010) “The legal framework of marine pollution generated by cruise ships”, paper presented at the Second International Cruise Conference, UK.
(2010) “Developing Research and Enterprise Skills in International Maritime Students: A Research-Informed Teaching Project’, poster presentation at the VC's 2010 Teaching & Learning Conference, July, Plymouth (with J. Dinwoodie).
(2010) “Logistics Education and Research in the Maritime Context”, ,University of Salford, UK
(2010) “Developing research and enterprise skills in international maritime students” research report, (with J Dinwoodie)
(2009) "The Legal Regime in relation to Permitting and Consenting for Marine Renewable Energy Development in England and Wales, paper presented at the Ocean Power Conference, Portugal (with Hamlyn, V.).
(2009) "The Problem of Stowaways in the Modern Context of Maritime Security", paper presented at the International Conference for Shipping,Port and Logistics, In cheon, Korea.
(2009) “The use IT Supported Case Scenarios to Enhance Learning Outcomes of Students in Studying Law-Related Subjects”, research report.
(2008) “The Law and Economics of Ship-Source Oil Pollution Damage", paper presented at the International Forum on Shipping, Ports and Airports, Hong Kong.
(2008) “The Legal Framework of Exhaust Emissions from Ships: A Selective Examination from a Law and Economics Perspective”, paper presented at the International Conference on the Impacts of Climate Change on the Maritime Industry, Sweden (with P. K. Mukherjee).
(2008) “Socio-Economic Aspects of Marine Renewables”, presentation at PRIMaRE Annual Conference, Exeter, UK.
(2007) “The Law and Policy of Maritime Security: Economic Considerations”,invited speech at the Twelfth Meeting of the Caribbean Port State Control Committee, Trinidad and Tobago.
(2006) “Piracy and Its Control Policies”, refereed paper, presented at the International Symposium on Coastal Zone Piracy, Sweden.
(2004) “The Law and Economics of Maritime Security”, International Symposium on Contemporary Issues in Maritime Security, Sweden.