Dr Patricia Gray
Profiles

Dr Patricia Gray

Associate Professor (Reader) in Criminology and Criminal Justice

School of Law, Criminology and Government (Faculty of Business)

Role

Patricia Gray is a Reader in Criminology and  Criminal Justice  and formally Head of the Criminal Justice Studies Subject Group (2005-2008). Between 1999 and 2002 she was the Programme Co-ordinator for the Criminal Justice Studies programme at the University of Plymouth. In 2013 she worked with colleagues to develop a new Masters degree in Criminology which was recently validated. This new postgraduate degree innovatively integrates blended learning and problem-based approaches to programme delivery in partnership with regional, national and international criminal justice agencies.

Qualifications

Patricia graduated with an MA (Hons) in Sociology from the University of Edinburgh in 1975 and an MA in Applied Social Studies (incorporating a Certificate of Qualification in Social Work) from the University of Warwick in 1978. She was awarded a PhD in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Bristol in 1994. After completing her undergraduate degree, Patricia worked as a Social Worker in Glasgow for four years. Her work mainly centred on interventions with young offenders. She then went to Hong Kong where she taught at the Hong Kong Baptist University (1981-1992) and the University of Hong Kong (1992-1997). Patricia joined the University of Plymouth in 1998.

Professional membership

Member of the British Society of Criminology; Member of  the European Society of Criminology; Member of the British Society of Criminology Youth criminology/Youth Justice Network. 

Roles on external bodies

Consultant to the Faculty of Health and Social Care, Health and Social Care Programme Youth Justice Award, Open University ( 2011 onwards).

Member of the Howard League for Penal Reform. Set up the Howard League  Student Society at Plymouth University ( 2011 onwards).
 http://www1.plymouth.ac.uk/research/lcjc/howardleague/Pages/default.aspx

Consultant to the Belgian Government Federal Science Policy Office, Society and Future research project on juvenile delinquency (2009).

Consultant to the Faculty of Education and Language Studies, Equality, Participation and Inclusion Programme, Open University (2009 onwards).

External reviewer for the Research Grants Council (equivalent to the ESRC in UK) in Hong Kong (2008 onwards). Since 2008 I have reviewed research on restorative justice, preventing youth crime, youth justice and cultural attitudes towards violence amongst young people in Hong Kong, Taiwan and China .

Reviewer for the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) in UK (2010 onwards).  In past two years I have reviewed research on youth justice and community sentences.

Patricia was a member of the Women in Prison Steering Group, Devon Forum for Justice. On its behalf she completed research in 2004 on the sentencing to custody of women offenders in Plymouth. In 2005 she presented this research to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board as part of a paper advocating the development of alternatives to imprisonment for women offenders.

Between 1999 and 2004 Patricia was a member of various steering committees under the auspices of Plymouth City Council and chaired by the Plymouth Youth Offending Team on developing restorative justice and social inclusion programmes for young offenders as part of changes to youth justice enacted by the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act.

Patricia  has acted as an article reviewer for the journals Criminology and Criminal Justice; Contemporary Social Science; Policy and Politics; Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal ; Journal of Social Policy; Asian Journal of Criminology; Hong Kong Journal of Social Work;  International Journal of Rural Crime; book reviewer for Routledge Publishing.

Teaching interests

Patricia teaches in four areas on the Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies undergraduate programme, namely youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penal theory and policy ; and gender and criminal justice. She also teaches on the new Masters Degree in Criminology  and is the Director of Studies for several postgraduate students, two of whom have recently successfully obtained PhDs.

Staff serving as external examiners

Currently Patricia is the External Assessor for the undergraduate and postgraduate Social Work/Criminal Justice  Programmes at Hong Kong Baptist University, Peoples Republic of China (2007 onwards). In 2011 she was invited to Hong Kong to review these programmes and validate a new undergraduate degree. She has also acted as the  External Examiner for PhD candidates at the Universities of Bristol and Hong Kong.

Research interests

Patricia's research interests are in the areas of youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penality and the governance of  crime; risk, social exclusion and social justice; restorative  justice; women's imprisonment; gender and criminal justice; and socio-legal issues. 

She has just completed  research on Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. This research explores how Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) and their partner agencies can strengthen their work together to  address young offenders' wider social needs in order to support desistance from crime. Her current research in collaboration with colleagues from the Universites of Plymouth and Durham is  about 're-mapping and re-imagining restorative youth justice'.

Patricia is a member of the editoral board of the Plymouth University Law and Criminal Justice Review and of the steering group of the Law and Criminal Justice Centre.
http://www1.plymouth.ac.uk/research/lcjc/Pages/default.aspx )

Grants & contracts

Gray, P. (2010-3) Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. Plymouth Law School SRA Grant.

Gray, P. (2000-5) Evaluation of the Plymouth Restorative Justice Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. (£37,046)

Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Mentoring Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. (£25,980)

Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Bail Support Project. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. (£19,184)

Gray, P. and Gilling, D. (2000) Plymouth Youth Inclusion Programme: Neighbourhood Audit. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England And Wales. (£5,000)

Gray, P. (1999-2002) Social Exclusion and Policing the Margins: Youth Justice Policy and Practice in the 1990s. Funded by the University of Plymouth QR Fund. (£8,650)

Gray, P. (1997-8) The Politics of Youth Justice in the People's Republic of China. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1995-8) The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Criminal Justice System. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1992-5) The Social Causes of  Juvenile Crime in Hong Kong. Contract research funded by Hong Kong Government and CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1989-91) Inside the Hong Kong Juvenile Court: The Decision-making Process in Action. Funded by UG, Baptist University of Hong Kong.

Research groups

  • Social and Public Policy

Refereed Articles in Journals

Gray, P. (2013) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’, Theoretical Criminology: An International Journal, Vol.17 (4):516-533.

Gray, P. (2011) ‘Youth Custody, Resettlement and the Right to Social Justice', Youth Justice: An International Journal, Vol. 11(3): 235-249. DOI: 10.1177/1473225411420529.

Gray, P. (2009)  'The Political Economy of Risk and the New Governance of Youth Crime', Punishment and Society: The International Journal of Penology, Vol. 11(4): 443-458.

Gray,P. (2007) 'Youth Justice, Social Exclusion and the Demise of Social Justice', Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 46(4): 401-416 .

Gray, P. (2006) 'Women's Experiences of Incarceration in Hong Kong: Doing Time, Doing Choice, Doing Class-Gender-Culture, International Journal of the Sociology of Law, Vol. 34(2): 89-104.

Gray, P. (2005 ) 'The Politics of Risk and Young Offenders' Experiences of Social Exclusion and Restorative Justice', British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 45(6): 938-957.

Gray, P. (1999) 'Community Corrections and the Experiences of Young Male Offenders in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System', Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 28: 577-594.

Gray, P. (1998) 'Sovereignty and Youth Justice', Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 1: 23-34.

Gray, P. (1997a) 'Deconstructing the Delinquent as a Subject of Class and Cultural Power', Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 24: 526-551.

Gray, P. (1997b) 'The Emergence of the Disciplinary Welfare Sanction in Hong Kong', Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 36: 187-208.

Gray, P. (1996) 'The Struggle for Juvenile Justice in Hong Kong 1932-1995', Hong Kong Law Journal, Vol. 26: 301-320.

Chapters in Books 

Gray, P. (2012) ' Women’s Experiences of Incarceration in Hong Kong: Doing Time, Doing Choice, Doing Class-Gender-Culture', in Walklate,S. (ed) Gender and Crime. London: Routledge.

Gray, P. (2010a) ‘Social Exclusion and Criminal Justice Policies’, in  Herzog-Evans, M. (ed) Transnational Criminology Manual.  Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers.

Gray, P. (2008) Entries on 'Gatekeeping', 'Just Deserts', and 'Recidivism', in Goldson, B. (ed) The Youth Justice Dictionary. Devon: Willan.

Gray, P. (2005) 'Community Interventions', in Bateman, T. and Pitts, J. (eds) The RHP Companion to Youth Justice. Dorset: Russell House.

Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Young Offenders in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System: Whither the Community-Based Rehabilitation Movement?', Proceedings of Pacific Rim Regional Conference: Reintegration of Discharged Prisoners. Hong Kong: The Society for the Rehabilitation of Offenders (Published in Chinese, Section 4, pp. 73-86, and English, Section 9, pp. 79-94).

Gray, P. (1996) 'Social Work with Delinquents', in Chi, I. and Cheung, S. (eds) Social Work in Hong Kong, pp. 24-35. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Social Workers Association.

Gray, P. (1994) 'Juvenile Offenders, Community Treatment and the Family', in Proceedings of the International Conference on Family and Community Care. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Council of Social Service.

Gray, P. (1991) 'Juvenile Crime and Disciplinary Welfare', in Vagg, J. and Traver, H. (eds) Crime and Justice in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.

Research Reports 

Gray, P. (2014) Report of Research on Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. Plymouth Law and Criminal Justice Review, Volume 6.

Gray,P. (2011) ‘Youth Custody, Resettlement and Social Justice’, Plymouth Law and Criminal Justice Bulletin, June.

Gray, P. (2010b) ‘ Challenging the Individualised Approach to Young People’s Resettlement Needs’, Howard League for Penal Reform, ECAN Bulletin, Issue 7: 7-14, December.

Gray, P. with the assistance of Moseley,J. and Browning, R. (2003) An Evaluation of The Plymouth Restorative Justice Programme. Plymouth: University of Plymouth. (108 pp.) (ISBN: 1-84102-107-5)

Gray, P. with the assistance of Moseley, J. (2003) An Evaluation of the Plymouth Mentoring Programme. Plymouth: University of Plymouth. (89 pp.) (ISBN: 1-84102-116-4)

Gray, P. with the assistance of Browning, R. (2003) An Evaluation of the Plymouth Bail Support Programme. Plymouth: University of Plymouth. (50 pp.) (ISBN: 1-84102-117-2)

Gray, P. with the assistance of Moseley, J. and Browning, R. (2002) Final Report on the Plymouth Restorative Justice Programme. Submitted to the National Evaluator, University of Oxford and the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.

Gray, P. with the assistance of Moseley, J. (2002) Final Report on the Plymouth Mentoring Programme. Submitted to the National Evaluator, University of Surrey and the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.

Gray, P. with the assistance of Browning, R. (2002) Final Report on the Plymouth Bail Support Programme. Submitted to the National Evaluator, NACRO and the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.

Vagg, J., Bacon-Shone, J., Gray, P. and Lam, D. (1995) The Social Causes of Juvenile Crime: The Final Report. Hong Kong: Government Printer. (199 pp.)

Gray, P. (1994) Inside the Hong Kong Juvenile Court: The Decision-Making Process in Action. Resource Paper Series No.23, Department of Social Work and Social Administration. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. (114 pp.)

Book Reviews

Gray, P. (2007) Review of Comparative Youth Justice edited by John Muncie and Barry Goldson. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 46(4): 445-456.

Gray, P. (2004) Review of Youth Offending and Restorative Justice: Implementing Reform in Youth Justice by Adam Crawford and Tim Newburn. In Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, Vol. 6(2): 73-77.

Gray, P. (1996) Review of Probation: Working for Justice by David Ward and Malcolm Lacey. In the Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, Vol. 30: 58-61.

Reports & invited lectures

Refereed Conference Contributions 

Gray, P., with Blagg, H. and Smith, R. (2013) ‘Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices’. Paper presented at the Howard League What is Justice? Re-imagining Penal Policy Conference, Keble College, Oxford University (October).

Blagg, H., Gray, P. and Smith, R. (2013) 'Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices'. Paper presented at the  Locating Restorative Justice within Criminal Justice: Challenges in Theory and Practice Conference , Durham (May).

Gray, P. (2012) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Bilbao, Spain (September).

Gray, P. (2011) ‘The Failure of the Social and Resolving Strategic Dilemmas in Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania (September).

Gray, P. (2011) Youth Custody, Resettlement and the Right to Social Justice: Implementing the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.  Invited speaker at research seminar at the Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Hong Kong Baptist University (June).

Gray, P. (2011) 'The Significance and Hidden Dilemmas of Restorative Justice for Youth Justice in England and Wales .  Invited speaker at seminar held by the Department of Health and Social Care, Open University, Milton Keynes (October).

Gray, P. (2008) 'Youth Custody and Social Exclusion: The Socio-Political Constitution of Resettlement'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Huddersfield (July).

Gray, P. (2007) 'Youth Justice and the Political Economy of Risk'. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology  Conference, University of Bologna (September).

Gray, P. (2007) Youth Justice, Social Inclusion and Young Offenders' Rights to Social Justice'. Paper presented at the Criminal Justice and Social Justice: New Directions Conference, King's College, University of London (July).

Gray, P. (2005) 'Youth Justice, Social Exclusion and the Demise of Social Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Leeds (July).

Gray, P. (2005) Restorative Justice and Developing Alternatives to Imprisonment for Women Offenders’.  Paper presented to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board (April).

Gray, P. (2005) 'Young Offenders and Social Exclusion: Whither Restorative Social Justice?'. Paper presented at the International Network for Research on Restorative Justice and the Centre for Restorative Justice Conference, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (February).

Gray, P., Moseley, J. and Browning, R.(2002) 'The Politics of Risk and Young Offenders' Experiences of Social Exclusion and Restorative Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Keele (July).

Gray, P. (2002) 'Restorative Justice and Social Exclusion: Young People's Experiences in the New Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the Young People 2002: Research, Practice and Policy Conference, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, University of Keele (July).

Gray, P. (2000) 'Doing Time, Doing Gender-Class-Culture'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Leicester (July).

Gray, P. (1999) 'The New Penality and Youth Justice Towards the Millenium'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Liverpool (July).

Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, San Diego, USA (November).

Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Young Male Offenders in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System: Whither the Community-Based Rehabilitation Movement?'. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Regional Conference on Reintegration of Discharged Prisoners, Hong Kong (January).

Gray, P. (1996) 'The Political Economy of Juvenile Justice in Hong Kong'. Paper presented at the Australian and New Zealand Criminology Conference, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (January).

Gray, P. (1995) 'Deconstructing the Delinquent as a Subject of Class and Cultural Power'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Loughborough University (July).

Gray, P. (1995) 'Developing Juvenile Justice Legislation: The UK and Hong Kong Experience'. Paper presented at the Training Workshop for Juvenile Justice Professionals, Ministry for the Care and Protection of Children and Swedish Save the Children Fund, Vietnam (March).

Gray, P. (1994) 'Juvenile Offenders, Community Treatment and the Family'. Paper presented at the International Conference on Family and Community Care, Hong Kong Council of Social Service, Hong Kong (April).