Professor Pieter De Wilde

Professor Pieter De Wilde

Professor in Building Performance Analysis

School of Architecture, Design and Environment (Faculty of Arts & Humanities)


Professor of Building Performance Analysis

Associate Head of School

Research Lead for the Built Environment

Programme Manager of the MSc in High Performance Buildings


PhD, Delft University of Technology, Faculty ofArchitecture, Building Physics Group, Delft, the Netherlands (2004)

MSc (‘Ingenieur’), Delft University of Technology,Faculty of Architecture, Building Technology, Delft, the Netherlands (1995).

BSc (‘Propedeutisch examen’), Delft University ofTechnology, Faculty of Architecture (1991)

Pre-university degree, Stedelijk Gymnasium,Nijmegen, the Netherlands (1988)

Professional membership

Chartered Engineer registered with the EngineeringCouncil (

Fellow of IBPSA, the International Building Performance Simulation Association (

Fellow of CIBSE, the Chartered Institution forBuilding Services Engineers (

Member of ASHRAE, the American Society for Heating,Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (

Member of IBPSA, the International BuildingPerformance Simulation Association (,and IBPSA affiliate regions England, Nederland-Vlaanderen and Germany.

Member of EG-ICE, the European Group forIntelligent Computing in Engineering (

Member of the Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (

Roles on external bodies

Secretary of the Executive Committee of the IBPSA-WorldBoard of Directors (2015-present)

Chair of IBPSA-England (2014-present)

Chair of EG-ICE (2016-present)

Member of the EPSRC Associate Peer Review College (2016-present)

Board Member of Tamar Energy Community Ltd (2015-present)

Teaching interests

Building performance simulation and analysis

Building science (also know as building physics)

Building services /HVAC systems

High performance buildings

Presently teaching:


High Performance Buildings (HPB701; Semester 1; 20credits)

Emerging Construction Technology (HPB702; Semester1; 20 credits)

Advanced Building Performance Simulation (HPB704;Semester 2; 20 credits)

Performance Finance and Investment (HPB705;Semester 2; 20 credits)

High Performance Buildings Research Project (HPB707; all year; 60 credits)


Research methods in the Built Environment (BLDG601;Semester 1; 20 credits)

Dissertation Project (BLDG602; Semester 2; 20credits)

Building Services Engineering (BLDG505; Semester 2;20 credits)

Service Teaching:

High Performance Buildings Elective (ARCH753;Semester 1; 30 credits)

Staff serving as external examiners

External Examiner PGR Taught Programme‘Environmental Design of Buildings’, Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University

Research interests

building performance analysis

building science (building physics) with a focus onthermal/energy aspects

building performance simulation

building operational conditions and control,including occupant behaviour and climate change

architectural design and decision-making processes

high performance buildings (HPB)

building services and energy saving buildingcomponents

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

Garmston, H., 2016. PhD.Decision-making in the selection of retrofit façades for non-domesticbuildings. University of Plymouth, School of Arts, Design and Architecture(Director of Studies)

Fox, M, 2015. PhD. Thermographyfor thermal building assessment and improvement. University of Plymouth, School of Architecture, Designand Environment (Director of Studies)

Heffernan,E., 2015. PhD. Delivering zero carbonhomes and sustainable communities: the potential of group self-build housing inEngland. University of Plymouth, School ofArchitecture, Design and Environment (Director of Studies)

Beltrami, A. PhD. TRNSYS integrated modeling support tool fora fast building-plant system design. University of Bergamo, School ofEngineering, Italy, co-supervisor

Carfrae, J., 2011. PhD.The moisture performance of straw baleconstruction in a temperate maritime climate. University of Plymouth, Schoolof Architecture, Design and Environment. University of Plymouth, School ofArchitecure, Design and Environment (Director of Studies).

Pilkington, B., 2008. PhD.In-Situ Measurements of BuildingMaterials Using a Thermal Probe. University of Plymouth, School ofEngineering (Second Supervisor).

Struck, C., 2012. PhD. Building performance simulation (BPS) forconceptual building design . Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Facultyof Architecture (‘Co-promotor’)

Sun, Y., 2014. PhD. Closing the energy performance gap betweendesign prediction and operation of campus buildings. Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Architecture; thirdsupervisor

Sanguinetti, P. 2012. PhD.Integrated performance framework to guidefacade retrofit. Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Architecture;third supervisor

Morgan, P., 2015. MSc. Skills, knowledge and understanding fordelivery of Zero Carbon Homes. University of Plymouth, School ofArchitecture, Design and Environment

Frempong-Mensah , B., 2011. MSc. Thepractical implementation of BIM: A structural engineering perspective. University of Plymouth, School of Marine Science andEngineering.

Roe, H., 2008. MSc. The code for Sustainable Homes – Costing theenergy credit. University of Plymouth,School of Engineering.

Zhang, G., 2008. MSc. An evaluation of optimal thermal storagealternatives in domestic buildings in the UK. University of Plymouth, School of Engineering.

Sawyer, L., 2007. MSc. Energy performance & occupancysatisfaction at Land Registry Information Systems and Turnbridge Wells offices. University of Plymouth, School of Engineering.

Wolring,Y, 1999. MSc (Ir). Onderzoek naar de energetische kwaliteit van gebouwen meteen glasoverkapte ruimte in relatie tot het gebouwontwerp. Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture,Building Physics Group (‘Dagelijks Begeleider’).

Grants & contracts

Principal investigator

EPSRC TransformingEnergy Demand in Buildings through Digital Innovation (BuildTEDDI) Scheme,Project Reference EP/K002465/1. eViz -Energy Visualisation for Carbon Reduction. Project value: £ 1,498,858.-(grant); total FEC £ 1,873,572.-. In-kind contributions by industrialparticiants: £ 30,000.-. Start per September 2012, for 3 years (Joint PI withDr Sabine Pahl of the School of Psychology, Plymouth)

EPSRC First GrantScheme, Project Reference EP/000344/1. Managementof thermal performance risks in buildings subject to climate change. Projectvalue: £ 159,688.- (grant); total FEC £199,610.-. January 2009-January 2011 (PI)

EPSRC Materials KTN(Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Materials KnowledgeTransfer Network); Industrial CASE Award with Cornish Lime Ltd, Bodmin, Cornwall,UK. Development of a lime render basedinternal insulant for the energy efficient renovation of UK homes. Projectvalue: £ 63,789.- (grant) plus £ 21,263.- (SME input). Start January 2009, for3.5 years (PI)

Royal Academy ofEngineering / The Leverhulme Trust, Project Reference Number 10226/48. Simulated and measured building performance:bridging the gap. Senior Fellowship. Fellowship funding: £30,182.-; totalvalue FEC £ 108,971.-. Start September 2012, for 12 months (PI)

EU ESF-CUC (EuropeanSocial Fund – Combined Universities of Cornwall) Studentship, with PenwithHousing Association, RTP Surveyors and the Cornwall Development Company and theUniversity of Exeter; Project Reference 11200NC05/CUC/Phase2. Thermography for thermal building assessmentand improvement. Project value: £ 75,000.-. Start January 2012, for 36months (PI)

Knowledge Transfer Partnership(KTP), with C3Resources, Plymouth, Devon, UK, Project Reference KTP007833

Intelligent software for the analysis of building energyusage data. Project value: £ 60,216.-(grant) plus £ 29,659.- (SME input); total fEC £ 89,874.-. February 2010 –April 2012 (PI)

Short KnowledgeTransfer Parnership, Project Reference KTP1000730. Renewable Product Design (LoftGenie).

Project value: £30.181,- (grant) plus £ 20.120,- (SME input); total FEC £ 50.301,-. Awarded 27April 2012. Start July 2012, for 48 weeks (PI)

Great Western Research(project taken over from Dr Steve Goodhew per 1 April 2008). An investigation into the moistureperformance of non-food-crop construction materials. Project value: £ 27,600.-(GRW grant) plus £ 13,750.- (Contribution by National Non-Food Crop Centre andthe Ecological Building Society). January 2007 – December 2010 (PI)



CIOB Bowen JenkinsLegacy Research Fund 2016. Augmentedvernacular: embedding digital practices into traditional cob constructiontechniques. Project value £7,000.-. January 2017 – December 2017. Projectin collaboration with Alejandro Veliz Reyes of Plymouth University (Co-I).

EU Horizon 2020Programme, Call H2020-EE-2014-2-RIA. EnerGAware:Energy Game for Awareness of energy efficiency in social housing communities.Project value £1,534,360 (€ 1.963.225) of which £300,116 (€ 384.000) forPlymouth. February 2015 - January 2018. Project in collaboration with UPC, FremenCorp,ISEP. Advantic, Devon and Cornwall Housing Association, EDF, and Alba Fuertes,Rory Jones and Sabine Pahl at Plymouth (Co-I).

Department of Energyand Climate Change, Trail Design. Reference No: 546/12/2012. Expert advice on the design of ahypothetical randomised control trial on smarter heating controls. Projectvalue £11,940.- (total). Awarded 12 September 2013. Project in collaborationwith Natcen, BSRIA and Energy Saving Trust, and Rory Jones at Plymouth (Co-I)

Department of Energyand Climate Change, Through Eden Project (subcontract): Cornwall TogetherProject. Thermal imaging and energy usein domestic buildings. Subcontract project value £65,000.-. Project incollaboration with Steve Goodhew and Sabine Pahl at Plymouth (Co-I)

Projects for clientslike Sovereign Housing Association, Eden Project, Pilkington Glass, Velux S.A.,SenterNovem, and the US Department of Energy:

Hot box measurement on25 Pilkington glazing samples according to ISO 12567-1:2000; 2005 (Co-I)

Baseline calculation withEnergyPlus as validation for a Velux model; 2004 (Co-I)

Dynamische ZonnegevelZonWEL; 2002-2005 (Co-I)

Passief Koelen met LTSystemen;2003 (Co-I)

Design AnalysisInterface (DAI) Initiative; 2001-2002 (RA)

Total (combined) valueof projects: £ 847,000.-


Supporting Academic

Scholarship fromScience without Borders (Ciência sem Fronteiras), Ministry of Science,Technology and Innovation of Brazil, awarded to João Paulo Ulrich de Alencastro,2015-2018. Project value £76,006.-

Scholarship forSplit-site PhD from Programa de Doutorado Sanduíche no Exterior (PDSE), Brazil,awarded to Tatiana Paula Alves, 2015-2016. Project value £20,000.-

PhD-Studentship byPlymouth University, Faculty of Arts, awarded to Helen Garmston, 2011-2015.Project value £60,000.-.


Internal grants obtained

Teaching buy-out tocomplete book writing project, funded by University of Plymouth through R1funding scheme. Total value £ 1650,-

Travel grants to attendconferences and symposia, funded by University of Plymouth through R1 fundingscheme. Total value in the order of £ 30.000,-

Travel grants to attendconferences and symposia, funded by Delft University of Technology, Energyresearch Centre of the Netherlands, TNO Building and Construction Research andthe University of Plymouth. Total combined value in the order of £ 20.000,-

Software purchase fundsfrom Delft University of Technology and University of Plymouth. Total combinedvalue in the order of £ 5.000,-

Administrative supportfor Environmental Building Research; combined value £11.780,-




1.             de Wilde, P., 2004. ComputationalSupport for the Selection of Energy Saving Building Components. PhD-thesis. Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture,Building Physics Group, Delft, the Netherlands. Delft: Delft University Press. ISBN 90-407-2476-8

2.             de Wilde, P. and G.Augenbroe, 2009. Energy modelling. In: D. Mumovic and M. Santamouris (eds), A Handbook of Sustainable Building Design and Engineering. London: Earthscan (James & JamesPublishers), 51-61. ISBN 978-1-84407-596-6

3.             Heffernan,E. and de Wilde, P., 2017. Somethingwonderful in my back yard: the social impetus for group self-building. In: M. Benson and I. Hamiduddin (eds), Self-build homes: Social Discourse,Experiences and Directions. London: UCL Press, 174-191.ISBN-978-1-911576-89-1

4.             Suter,G., P. de Wilde and Y. Rafiq (guest eds), 2014. Advanced computational assistance for planning,designing, constructing, and managing the built environment. SpecialIssue Section of Advanced Engineering Informatics, 28.

5.             de Wilde, P. and D.Coley (guest eds), 2012. The Implications of a Changing Climate for Buildings.Special Issue of Building and Environment, 55.

6.             Ślusarczyk,G.,B. Strug and Wilde (eds), 2016. Proceedings of IntelligentComputing in Engineering 2016 Conference, Kraków, Poland, June 28 - July 1 2014. Kraków:Jagiellonian University (USB)

7.             Li,H., Y. Rafiq and Wilde (eds), 2014. Proceedings of IntelligentComputing in Engineering 2014 Conference, Cardiff, UK, July 16-18 2014 Cardiff: CardiffUniversity (USB)

8.             McCullen, N.,S. Natarajan, D. Coley and P. de Wilde(eds), 2013. Proceedings of FutureBuild 2013,Bath, United Kingdom, September 4-6 2013 (USB)

9.             Suter,G., Wilde and Y. Rafiq (eds), 2013. Proceedings of IntelligentComputing in Engineering 2013 Conference, Vienna, Austria, July 1-3 2013 (USB)

10.          Borrmann,A., P. Geyer, Wilde and Y. Rafiq (eds), 2012. Proceedings ofIntelligent Computing in Engineering 2012 Conference, Herrsching, Germany,July 4-6 2012. Munich: Technische Universität München (USB) ISBN978-3-00-038455-4

11.          Hartmann,T., Wilde and Y. Rafiq (eds),2011. Proceedings of Intelligent Computing in Engineering 2011 Conference,Enschede, the Netherlands, July 6-8 2011. Enschede: University of Twente (USB) ISBN978-90-365-3216-7

12.          Rafiq,Y., P. de Wilde and M. Borthwick(eds), 2008. Proceedings of IntelligentComputing in Engineering 2008 Conference, Plymouth, UK, July 2-4 2008.Plymouth: University of Plymouth (CD-ROM) ISBN 978-1-84102-191-1

13.          de Wilde, P. (ed), 2007. Proceedings of Building Simulation in the SouthWest, IBPSA-England Symposium, Plymouth, United Kingdom, November 16 2007.Plymouth: University of Plymouth (CD-ROM)

14.          vander Voorden, M., L. Itard and P. de Wilde(eds), 2005. Proceedingsof the IBPSA-NVL Conference, Delft, the Netherlands, October 20 2005. Delft: TU Delft (CD-ROM)





15.          Ahn, K.,D. Kim, C. Park and Wilde,2017. Predictability of occupants’ presence and performance gap in building energy simulation. Applied Energy, 208, 1639-1652

16.          Al-Hafith,O., S. Basavapatna Kumaraswamy, S. Bradbury and P. de Wilde, 2017. The impact of court parameters on its shadinglevel : an experimental study in Baghdad, Iraq. Energy Procedia, 134, 99-109

17.          Alencastro,J., A. Fuertes and P. de Wilde,2017. The relationship between quality defects and the energy performance ofbuildings. Renewable and SustainableEnergy Reviews, 81 (1), 883-894

18.          Alves, T., L. Machado, R.Gonçalves de Souza and P. de Wilde,2017. A methodology for estimating office building energy use baselines bymeans of land use legislation and reference buildings. Energy and Buildings, 143, 100-113

19.          Pan, S., X. Wang, S. Wei, C. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Xie,J. Tindall and P. de Wilde, 2017. Energy waste in buildings due tooccupant behaviour. Energy Procedia, 105, 2233-2238

20.          Jones, R., A. Fuertes, S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde,2017. The actual performance of aspiring low energy social houses in the UnitedKingdom. Energy Procedia, 105, 2181-2186

21.          Tian, W. and Wilde, 2016. Impact of Global Warming on Thermal Performanceof Domestic Buildings using Probabilistic Climate Data. InternationalJournal of Global Warming, 10(4), 514-535

22.          Fox,M., S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde,2016. Building defect detection: external versus internal thermography. Building and Environment, 105, 317-331

23.          Jones, R., S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde, 2016.Measured indoor temperatures, thermal comfort and overheating risk:post-occupancy evaluation of low energy houses in the UK. EnergyProcedia, 88, 714-720

24.          Pan,S., C. Xu, S. Wei, T. Hassan, L, Xie, Y. Xiong. S. Firth, D. Greenwood and P. de Wilde, 2015. Improper window usein office buildings: findings from a longitudinal study in Beijing, China. Energy Procedia, 88, 761-767

25.          Pan, S., C. Xu, S. Wei, T. Hassan, L. Xie, Y. Xiongand P. de Wilde, 2015. Research on the occupant window opening behaviourin an office building in Beijing. BuildingScience, 31 (10), 212-217

26.          Nik, V., S. Mundt-Petersen, A. Sasic Kalagasidis andP. de Wilde, 2015. Future moisture loads forbuilding facades in Sweden: climate change and wind-driven rain. Building and Environment, 93, 362-375.

27.          Fox,M., D. Coley, S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde,2015. Time-lapse thermography for building defect detection. Energy and Buildings, 92, 95-106

28.          Heffernan,E., W. Pan, X. Liang and P. de Wilde,2015. Zero carbon homes: perceptions from the UK construction industry. Energy Policy, 79, 23-36

29.          Suter,G., P. de Wilde, P. and Y. Rafiq, 2014, Advanced computational assistance for planning, designing, constructing,and managing the built environment (Editorial). Advanced EngineeringInformatics, 28, 259-260

30.          Tian, W.,J.Song, Z. Li and P. de Wilde, 2014.Bootstrap techniques for sensitivity analysis and model selection in buildingthermal performance analysis. AppliedEnergy, 135, 320-328

31.          Fox,M., D. Coley, S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde,2014. Thermography methodologies for detecting energy related building defects.Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,40, 296–310

32.          de Wilde, P., 2014. The gap between predicted and measured energy performance ofbuildings: a framework for investigation. Automationin Construction, 41, 40-49

33.          Wei, S.,R. Jones and P. de Wilde, 2014.Driving factors for occupant-controlled space heating in residential buildings.Energy and Buildings, 70, 36-44.

34.          Hamza, N. and P. de Wilde, 2014. Buildingsimulation visualisation for the boardroom: an exploratory study. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 7(1),52-67

35.          deWilde, P., C. Martinez-Ortiz, D. Pearson, I. Beynon, M. Beck and N. Barlow, 2013.Building simulation approaches for the training of automated data analysistools in building energy management. AdvancedEngineering Informatics, 27, 457-465.

36.          Lawrence,M., A. Shea, P. Walker and P. de Wilde,2013. Hygrothermal performance of bio-based insulation materials. Proceedings of the ICE - ConstructionMaterials, 166 (4), 257-263

37.          deWilde, P. and D. Coley,2012. The Implications of a Changing Climate for Buildings (Editorial article).Building and Environment, 55, 1-7.

38.          deWilde, P. and W.Tian,2012. Management of thermalperformance risks in buildings subject to climate change. Building andEnvironment, 55, 167-177.

39.          Tian,W. and P. de Wilde, 2011. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of theperformance of an air-conditioned campus building in the UK under probabilisticclimate projections. Automation in Construction, 20, 1096-1109

40.          de Wilde, P. and W. Tian, 2011. Towards probabilistic performance metrics for climate change impactstudies. Energy and Buildings, 43(11), 3013-3018

41.          de Wilde, P., W. Tian and G. Augenbroe, 2011. Longitudinalprediction of the operational energy use of buildings. Building and Environment, 46 (8), 1670-1680

42.          Tian,W. and P. de Wilde, 2011. Thermalbuilding simulation using the UKCP09 probabilistic climate projections. Journal of Building Performance Simulation,4 (2), 105-124

43.          Goodhew,S., J. Carfrae, and P. de Wilde,2010. Briefing: Challenges related to straw bale construction. Proceedings of the ICE -Engineering Sustainability, 163 (4), 185-189

44.          Parsons,D., S. Goodhew, A. Fewkes and P. deWilde, 2010. The perceived barriers to the inclusion of rain waterharvesting systems by UK house building companies. Urban Water Journal, 7 (4), 257-265

45.          Carfrae,J., Wilde, S. Goodhew, P.Walker and J. Littlewood, 2010. A cost effective probe for the long term monitoringof straw bale buildings. Building andEnvironment, 46 (01), 156-164

46.          deWilde, P. and W Tian,2010. Predicting the performanceof an office under climate change: a study of metrics, sensitivity and zonalresolution. Energy and Buildings, 42(10), 1674-1684

47.          de Wilde, P. and W. Tian, 2010. The role of adaptive thermal comfort in theprediction of the thermalperformance of a modern mixed-mode office building in the UK under climatechange. Journal of Building PerformanceSimulation, 3 (2), 87-101

48.          Pilkington,B., S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde,2010. In situ thermal conductivity measurement of building materials with athermal probe. Journal of Testing andEvaluation, 38 (3); published online, DOI: 10.1520/JTE102636

49.          de Wilde, P. and W. Tian, 2009. Identification of key factors for uncertaintyin the prediction of the thermal performance of an office building underclimate change. Building Simulation: an International Journal, 2 (3), 157-174

50.          Struck,C., P. de Wilde, C. Hopfe, J.Hensen, 2009. Anexploration of the option space in conceptual building design for advancedbuilding simulation. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 23 (4),386-395

51.          Deverell,R., S. Goodhew, R. Griffiths, P. deWilde, 2009. The noise insulation properties of non-food-crop walling forschools and colleges: a case study. Journal of Building Appraisal, 5 (1), 29-40

52.          UlukavakHarputlugil, G., T. Harputlugil, P. deWilde, 2009. Thermal design of Turkish schools:prospects for an improved pre-design process. International Journal of Architectural Engineering and DesignManagement, 5 (3), 153-164

53.          de Wilde, P. and P. Murray, 2009. Theuse of an intranet system to enhance student learning in an Eco-House designproject. CEBE Transactions, 6 (1), 4-17

54.          de Wilde, P., R. Griffiths and S.Goodhew, 2009. Evolution and validation of a thermal probe model. Journal of Building Performance Simulation,2 (2), 85-94

55.          Pilkington, B., R. Griffiths,S. Goodhew, P. de Wilde, 2008.Thermal probe technology for buildings: the transition from laboratory to fieldmeasurements. ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering, 14 (4), 111-118

56.          McGilligan,C., S. Goodhew and P. de Wilde, 2008.An assessment of the potential returns of energy certificates for the UK householdsector. Journal of Financial Management of Property andConstruction, 13 (3),187-199

57.          Sawyer, L., P. de Wilde and S. Turpin-Brooks, 2008.Energy performance and occupancy satisfaction: a comparison of two closelyrelated buildings. Facilities, 26(13/14), 542-551

58.          de Wilde, P., R. Griffiths and S.Goodhew, 2008. Validation of data analysis routines for a thermal probeapparatus using numerical data sets. Building Simulation: an InternationalJournal, 1 (1), 36-45

59.          de Wilde, P., Y. Rafiq, M. Beck, 2008. Uncertainties in predicting the impact ofclimate change on thermal performance of domestic buildings in the UK. Building Services Engineering Research &Technology, 29 (1), 7-26

60.          Augenbroe,G., A, Malkawi, P. de Wilde, 2004. A Workbench for Structured Design Analysis Dialogues.Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 21 (4), 321-330

61.          Augenbroe,G., P. de Wilde, H. J. Moon, A.Malkawi, 2004. An interoperability workbench for designanalysis integration. Energy and Buildings, 36 (8),737-748

62.          de Wilde, P., M. van der Voorden, 2004. Providing computational support for the selection of energy savingbuilding components. Energy and Buildings, 36 (8), 749-758

63.          de Wilde, P., G. Augenbroe, M. van der Voorden, 2002. Managing the selection of energy saving features in building design.Engineering, Construction and ArchitecturalManagement, 9 (3), 249-258

64.          de Wilde, P., G. Augenbroe, M. van der Voorden, 2002. Design Analysis Integration: supporting the selection of energysaving building components. Building and Environment, 37 (8/9), 807-817



Total publications: over 200, including the above, as well as conference papers (mostly peer reviewed,for international conferences) and technical reports.