Peripheral cities and territories
Peripheral territories and urban spaces can become places of new opportunities for connections between spaces and territories in the frame of European Territorial Agenda and the European Urban Agenda. These define European territories and cities under a common perspective of European territorial cohesion and inclusive cities under SDG 11 (to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable).
Cities on the edge are cities located far from the centre of their country. They are sometimes closer to neighbouring territories in terms of their potential to develop their position "on the edge" and their connectivity within Europe and the world. Border cities close to the boundary between two counties, states or regions have highly cosmopolitan communities based on the populations travelling and trading through the town. They can also be flashpoints for international conflicts, especially when the two countries have territorial disputes.
This theme also incorporates the relationship of cities with physical limits, such as water (particularly by rivers or lakes, urban rivers corridors, and urban generation around the water), but also relationships with other peripheral limits, such as nature urban voids, transitory zones in the city with people coming and going and other edges representing the transition from one physical environment to another (green, peripheral rural areas).